Modern Treatment of Syphilis with Antibiotics

Syphilis information

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by a bacteria called Treponema pallidum. Between the period between 2012 and 2016, the prevalence of syphilis in Ghana, Africa, has been estimated to be 2.58%.

Today, we are lucky enough that Syphilis is easily treated with the use of Penicillin; however, in the past, there have been some controversial treatment methods applied in the Syphilis cases.

Read More: Syphilis Symptoms

Treating Syphilis in the past

In the 1800s, it was common to treat Syphilis infections by using mercury. However, this led to some mild to more serious side-effects, including gum ulcers, and lose teeth, kidney failure, and mercury poisoning that resulted in death. In the 1900s, the treatment with mercury has been discontinued, only to be replaced with the use of malaria to treat Syphilis.

It was discovered that Treponema pallidum does not tolerate temperatures above 40°C. So by infecting the patients with malaria, they would experience hot flashes, which would help eliminate the Syphilis infection.

Later, malaria would be easily treated with the use of quinine. Although this has been a rather effective way to eliminate the infection, and its discoverer Julius Wagner-Jauregg has been awarded the Nobel Prize in 1927, this treatment method has been easily replaced with the discovery of Penicillin in the 1940s.

Read More: Syphilis in Ghana

Modern techniques for treating Syphilis

Since its discovery in the 1940s, Penicillin remains to serve as one of the most common antibiotics used to fight Syphilis. It is the Penicillin G benzathine, a specific type of Penicillin, that is most commonly being used in the cases of Syphilis. If diagnosed and treated in its early stages, Syphilis is highly treatable with the use of Penicillin.

Penicillin is administrated intramuscularly. A single shot of Penicillin G benzathine can help stop the progression of the Syphilis infection. In the case of the brain and the spinal cord being affected by Syphilis, an intensive regiment of Penicillin for about 10 to 14 days is being applied.

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For those who are allergic to Penicillin, other antibiotics such as doxycycline, azithromycin, and ceftriaxone are often used. However, Penicillin is the only recommended treatment for an existing Syphilis infection during pregnancy.

In the case of pregnancy, the known Syphilis infection is treated with desensitization, which will eliminate their hypersensitivity to Penicillin to enable them to take Penicillin safely.

Read More: Syphilis – a short guide to treatment

Get Treated early

If left untreated, Syphilis can lead to serious damage and even death. The high prevalence of Syphilis in Ghana, Africa, points out to the need to raise awareness on the topic of diagnosing and treating Syphilis in its earliest stages.

It can take a single injection to eliminate the symptoms of the infection, thanks to the highly effective Penicillin antibiotic that we have to rely on today. Diagnosing and treating this problem can take a few days, and it can help preserve your life.

References

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1779891/

http://downloads.hindawi.com/journals/jtm/2018/6574731.pdf

https://www.degruyter.com/downloadpdf/j/opar.2016.2.issue-1/opar-2016-0003/opar-2016-0003.pdf

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24185088

https://www.everydayhealth.com/syphilis/guide/treatment/

https://www.cdc.gov/std/tg2015/pen-allergy.htm

Modern Treatment of HIV

HIV information

The first case of HIV was reported back in the early 80s. When the disease first came about, patients have a very minimal chance of survival.  Unfortunately, the disease still remains widespread – especially in Africa, where an estimated 25.7 million people are infected.

Nowadays, though, many patients of HIV can live a long and healthy life thanks to medication. The medication can control and mitigate some of the symptoms, but it does get rid of the disease.

Read More: HIV and AIDS

Drugs Used to Treat HIV

There are four primary medications used to treat HIV. Doctors usually prescribe a mix of these, the exact quantities varying from individual to individual.

  1. Reverse Transcriptase

This drug ensures that the HIV virus does not multiply by making copies of itself.

  • Protease Inhibitors

These inhibitors block enzyme protease within the HIV cells.

  • Integrase

HIV can integrate itself into a person’s DNA, making the patient a permanent carrier of HIV. This drug inhibits integrase, and the enzyme used to integrate the virus. By doing so, the medicine prevents the virus from spreading to other areas of the immune system.

  • CCR5 Inhibitors

CCR5 are receptors located on the membranes of white blood cells. The HIV virus uses them as gateways to attack and ingrain themselves within the cells. This medicine inhibits these receptors and prevents the virus from spreading more.

Read More: Signs and Symptoms of HIV and AIDS

Modern Combined Therapy

The HIV virus is particularly difficult to target because of its changing nature. The genetic makeup of the virus changes frequently, and thus, it’s easy for the virus to become resistant to medication.

To counter this problem, modern treatment methods make use of Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy (HAART). This method involves doctors prescribing a mix of different messages, each with a particular dosage. South Africa is currently conducting its third-line HIV treatment program for people who are resistant to the first and second lines.

What’s important to note is that even if the medication works in tackling the effects of the virus, it will not completely cure it. The patient will still test positive for the virus and so can transmit it to others as well.

Side Effects of HIV Treatment

HIV treatment as some common side effects such as:

  • Headaches
  • Trouble Sleeping
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Mood Swings
  • Weight Gain

These are only some of the side effects patients may of the treatment face. Every case will vary from individual to individual. It is also typical for patients to have adverse reactions to medications when they begin their course. It’s likely that you will have to test out a few different combinations of medicines to see which one suits you best.

Read More: STD’s in Africa

What’s next?

Advances in science have now made it possible for patients of HIV to live long, healthy lives. In particular, Anti-Retroviral Therapy is a great method of treatment for patients today. Research in Ghana has also shown that it’s cheaper for patients in the long run.

References:

https://journals.lww.com/aidsonline/FullText/2017/10230/The_costs_of_HIV_treatment_and_care_in_Ghana.13.aspx

https://www.aidsmap.com/news/jan-2019/south-africa-reports-successful-third-line-hiv-treatment-programme

https://www.afro.who.int/health-topics/hivaids

Information about the Rapid Test for Syphilis

Syphilis information

The drive to contain the spread of syphilis is gearing for momentum in Africa. Globally, the rise of infections is alarming to the relevant departments. Syphilis is a branch of the many sexually transmitted diseases. It is transmitted through a bacterium known as Treponema pallidum. The four stages in which the disease manifests have different approaches in treatment.

  • Primary Stage
  • Secondary Stage
  • Latent Stage
  • Tertiary Stage

While the primary and secondary are quick to treat, the latent and tertiary are not. If there is a delay in treatment, the disease can spread and cripple other body organs. In extreme cases, there can be fatalities.

Read More: Syphilis Symptoms

Detecting Syphilis

It is difficult to know that you have syphilis. The clinical signs can delay for up to three months. In between, you can be active in sexual encounters, thus spreading it further. The common manifestations can include painless sores in and around the genitals and rectum. Also, the wounds can break on your lips and inside the mouth.

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This is the time to seek medical attention. But since many do not even notice the sore, the lump clears by itself. Then as the disease progresses, more damage occurs in the body organs. In the tertiary stage, your mental and nervous faculties will be on the gradual decline. Regular screening is, therefore, advisable at all times.

The vulnerable groups like the youth, commercial sex workers, gays, and people in multiple sexual relations should take extra care. There are many self-test devices in the market. These test kits are easy to use and accurate in their results. It will pain you a little since you need a few drops of blood.

  • Open up the test kit
  • Put a few drops of blood on the kit
  • A single pink line denotes a negative result
  • While a double line reports positive results

The operating area should be clean. Equally, the room should be of optimum temperature. If you have a periodic interval on your testing, you can detect the early stages of the disease. Since pregnant mothers are at the highest risk of passing it to the infant, screening needs to be regularly.

Read More: Signs and Symptoms of Syphilis

Treatment

When you have a clinical visit early, the disease is curable with little antibiotics. The later stages will take longer to deal with. This will mean a combination of drugs to cure the other organs that may be ailing also. Besides the long period under medication, the disease will be pacified.

However, if the extended period has damaged your body organs, the medication will not repair the damage. But the good news is the bacteria will clear from the body, forestalling any further damage. Self-medication is common after the home test kit results. Unless you are a medical practitioner, it is not advisable to treat yourself without a prescription.

Read More: Modern Treatment of Syphilis

Information about Home Test for Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea information

Gonorrhea can be fatal if you do not contain it early enough. The bacterium that causes the disease finds its way into the blood and attacks other vital body organs. This leaves you with a multiple of different conditions to deal with. Thus there is a need for early screening and treatment of the bacteria.

The available data show that most of the clinical records have few precise accounts. This is due to the stigma that follows people with the disease. Mostly in Africa, people shy away from the clinical testing for fear of being singled out. This is the reason why we should encourage more home test kits for individuals. Again, there should be available drugs just in case people come forward for treatment.

Home Testing of Gonorrhea

The available home testing kits are easy to follow with simple instructions. While the laboratory tests take about one or two days, the home test procedure takes a mere 15 minutes. If you follow the instructions in maintain good hygiene and take good samples, you will have precise results.

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Women and men have different biological anatomies. This makes the difference in the taking of samples. Sometimes, you may take urine samples instead of the genital tissues. The kit comes with a swab, test tube, two solutions, and a diagnosis cartridge.

Women Specimen Sampling

Take the swab and insert it into the vagina. Genital sampling seems to favor better results than urine. Once in the vagina, rotate and rub the swab on the vaginal lining walls for the collection of tissues. Once you do it for about ten seconds, pull the swab out. Put the first solution A into the test tube. After putting the swab samples into the test tube, add drops of the other solution B. Close the test tube and shake it for about ten seconds.

Men Specimen Sampling

Take the swab and insert it into the urethra opening. Gently rotate it around the inner lining. This ensures the cell tissues come out with swabs. After introducing the first solution into the test tube, add the sample from the swab. Similarly, after the specimen, drop in the second solution and close the test tube. Shake it for about ten seconds.

Final Diagnosis

The last part of the procedure is basic to both men and women. After shaking the test tube, introduce the mixture into the diagnosing cartridge. This will screen the sample for about twenty minutes. Then the results will be out. Double lines mean that you are positive. On the other hand, a single line shows that you are negative. This is an easy way of beating the stigmatization in most clinics and society.

Read More: Testing and Diagnosis Gonorrhea

Read More: Gonorrhea Symptoms

Information about home test for chlamydia

Chlamydia Information

Chlamydia is a venereal disease that comes from the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. This bacterium attacks and embeds on the lining of the genital cells in the body. Unlike most bacteria, trachomatis needs a host to reproduce. Though it is defective on the human cells, the embedding makes it easy for detection in a test.

Read More: The Chlamydia Bacterium

Thus, a simple self-test at home can precisely give correct exposures. The advantage of having a home test is it takes a few minutes to relay the results. Early detection of the disease helps you in dealing with any rapid development of the pelvic inflammation damages.

Product: Right Sign Chlamydia Test

Product: One Step Chlamydia Test

Sampling of tissues

Men and women have different anatomies in their bodies. This means the procedures for collecting samples vary. The testing procedure may take about fifteen minutes to relay back the results. It is smooth and precise if you do it under safe and sterile conditions. Besides the sampling methods, the other testing procedure is the same.

Women Chlamydia home Test Sampling

The self-test home kit comes with a test tube, a swab, and two solutions, A and B. the commonplace of infection is usually the vagina. Then, take a swab and rub it in the vagina to collect tissue cells. If you can, using your urine can also produce the same results. In the test tube, pour in the solution A to sterilize it before putting in the sample. Put in the sample after the first procedure with solution A.

Men Chlamydia Home Test Sampling

For the men, the procedure is almost the same, but slightly different. Gently take the swab and insert it slightly into your urethra opening. Rub vigorously in round rotations inside the urine opening. Though it may hurt slightly, it is the only way to produce results. After the unpleasant procedure, you can put the swab with the tissues in the test tube with the solution A. you may also use your urine, but the swab tissue is more precise.

Read More: Chlamydia Symptoms

Results Analysis

This is the last stage before finding out the status of your condition. You have to put in some drops of solution B into the test tube. Close the test tube and shake vigorously for about 20 seconds. After the solution mixes with the sample, you can now introduce it in the testing cartridge. This is the most anxious of all the stages. It takes about 20 minutes to wait. When it is ready, you will see one line for a negative result and two lines for a positive outcome.

The home test kit is a quick way of knowing your status if you do not feel like opening up to any clinic. It is faster than the clinical tests that may take about a day or two in most cases.

Read More: What is Chlamydia? and why get tested

HIV and AIDS

HIV information

HIV is a harmful virus that damages the entire immune system by killing the white blood cells responsible for fighting off infections. Eventually, the immune system will become weaker and prone to diseases, leaving the entire immune system impaired.

Based on the latest statistics from 2018, around 37.9 million people deal with AIDS/HIV around the world, 1.7 million of them are children younger than 15. Even though in the past, this virus was deadly, now, the life expectancy of a person with HIV is the same as those without the virus.

However, these effects can only be achieved with proper treatment and adequate medications.

Read More: Signs and Symptoms of HIV and AIDS

How is HIV Transmitted?

Specific fluids like semen, vaginal, rectal, seminal, blood, or breast milk can spread the virus. Here are the most common forms of transmission through these fluids.

During Sexual Intercourse

The main way of transmitting this virus is via intercourse. Plenty of bodily fluids will come in contact with the reproductive organs. During unprotected sex, the risk of the infection is the highest.

Injections

Anyone who uses needles, typically drug users, will exchange needles, syringes, or other equipment they use for injections. This is another way they can transmit the virus.

From a Mother to a Newborn Child

A woman with HIV can transmit the virus to her child while in labor or when pregnant. However, breastfeeding is another form of transmission that can be passed onto the child after it has been born since breast milk contains the virus. The chances of transmission are from 15%-45%.

Typical Symptoms Associated With HIV

HIV is categorized in different stages, three to be exact (acute, chronic, and AIDS). If a person avoids treatment for an extended amount of time, the symptoms will get gradually worse.

Some often mistake them for the flu and don’t get tested in time. According to statistics, out of more than a million people infected with HIV in the U.S., 14% of them didn’t get the right diagnosis because they were unaware they were infected.

As a result, it’s important to recognize the symptoms and seek help immediately. These are the most common HIV symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Pain in the muscles
  • Neck pain
  • Rash on the torso
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Sore throat

Read More: HIV Symptoms

Proper Diagnosis

It may take a month before HIV is detected for someone who has recently been infected. The tests for HIV are considered reliable; however, there are certain cases where they might show incorrect results. So, it’s paramount that people get tested multiple times to get a proper diagnosis.

Treatment

There are no medications, antibiotics, or any form of treatment that can completely cure the HIV virus. But, with the help of modern medicine, proper medications and therapy can help manage the condition, and aid individuals live a normal life as much as possible.

Read More: Modern Treatment of HIV

How to Prevent HIV

Using a condom during intercourse is the main way of protection, even during oral and anal intercourse. Different medicines are available for those who believe they might have been exposed to the infection. It’s a treatment that lasts four weeks and reduces the risk.

References

https://www.hiv.gov/hiv-basics/overview/data-and-trends/global-statistics

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/17131.php

https://www.who.int/hiv/topics/mtct/en/

https://www.webmd.com/hiv-aids/understanding-aids-hiv-symptoms#1

Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea information

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease, caused by the Neisseria Gonorrhea bacterium. Every year, approximately 11.4 million people are infected by this disease in Africa.

Gonorrhea is transmitted through any form of unprotected sexual intercourse – vaginal, anal, or oral. In addition to unprotected sex, a study in Ghana found that alcohol usage can also increase your chances of getting infected.

Read More: Gonorrhea in Ghana

Symptoms of Gonorrhea

Symptoms of a gonococcal infection begin to appear after two to seven days. It’s essential to note that symptoms of this infection can differ between men ad women.

While most men do experience symptoms of the disease, a significant portion of women does not. This can lead to late diagnosis in women.

Thus, it’s vital to keep a lookout for symptoms of the disease, especially after unprotected sex.

Here are some of the symptoms of Gonorrhea:

  • Yellow-green discharge
  • Burning sensation or pain when urinating
  • Abdominal pain

Women may also experience some irregular bleeding between their periods. Similarly, men may experience swelling of the testicles or a sore penis.

Read More: Gonorrhea symptoms

Read More: Signs and symptoms of Gonorrhea

Complications

As we mentioned before, symptoms of Gonorrhea are less obvious in women. This makes the infection harder to detect and means that it can go untreated. If Gonorrhea in women is not treated in time, it can put women at risk of developing Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID).

PID occurs in around 15% of cases when the infection spreads to the fallopian tubes, uterus, and ovaries. PID itself is a painful condition that requires separate treatment. However, it can also lead to more severe complications such as infertility and ectopic pregnancies.

Hence, it’s vital for women to take precautions when they have unprotected sex or switch sexual partners frequently. Having protected sex is the safest way to ensure you’re not at risk of catching an STD.

Read more: All you need to know about STD’s in Africa

In men, complications of Gonorrhea are uncommon. Primarily this is because it’s easy to detect the infection in men, who can then seek treatment in time.

In case the infection goes untreated, it can spread to the prostate and testicles, which is quite painful. The spread of the infection can also block the urine passageway, causing damage to the kidneys.

Diagnosis

Luckily, the procedure of diagnosing Gonorrhea is easy. Once you book a doctor’s appointment, your doctor will take a sample to test for the infection. It’s also common for your doctor to take extra precautions and test for chlamydia as well. This is because chlamydia is often transmitted alongside Gonorrhea.

Product: Right Sign Gonorrhea Test

Product: One Step Gonorrhea Test

If you don’t have the time to go to your doctor, you can also take at-home tests for both Gonorrhea and chlamydia. These are easy to use, and you can get results quickly, no need to anxiously wait for hospital results!

Product: 4-in-1 STD Test Bundle

Read More: Testing and Diagnosis of Gonorrhea

Treatment

If you are diagnosed with Gonorrhea, you can treat it through medicine prescribed to you by your doctor. It is essential that you don’t self-prescribe any medicine, especially because there are new strains of antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea in regions such as Ghana.

While Gonorrhea is treatable, it can be tricky to detect. If left untreated, it can cause some complications as well. Thus, it’s important to take the necessary precautions and practice safe sex.

Read More: Gonorrhea Treatment 

References:

https://bit.ly/2CSNUCM

https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/07-07-2017-antibiotic-resistant-gonorrhoea-on-the-rise-new-drugs-needed

Gonorrhea in the Eye

Gonorrhea information

The terminology Gonorrhea is widely known to be a venereal disease. Few people know that is can affect other parts of the body. Ideally, it is a sexual disease that passes from one person to another through sexual interaction. It may be through oral, vaginal, or anal sex. Adults are more at risk of the disease through their sexual activities.

Read More: Gonorrhea in Ghana

However, it is also common for women to pass the Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria to the baby during pregnancy or at childbirth. The emergence of gonorrhea in parts of the eye is an alarming case. Failure to detect it leads to blindness, through the gradual damaging of the cornea and optical nerves.

Read More: Gonorrhea Symptoms 

Analysis

The spread of the gonorrhea bacteria can cause defects in other body parts. But the optical gonorrhea is hardly through the bloodstream. The eye gets infected through contact with bacterial fluids. Mostly, it comes from touching your eyes with hands contaminated with the bacteria. 

The clinical manifestations vary from one person to the other. But when you are most likely to have gonorrhea of the eye if you exhibit signs of conjunctivitis like

  • Constant itching of the eyes and pain
  • Stinging inflammation and redness 
  • The sticky yellowish liquid that tends to bind the eyelids
  • Poor vision due to soreness

If the infection comes from your system, then you will have the conventional clinical signs of genital gonorrhea like

  • The swelling of lymph nodes next to the ears
  • Genital discharge in both men and women
  • Pain, itching, and inflammation of the genitals
  • Discomfort while passing urine

Testing and Treatment

The doctor will take clinical samples for laboratory analysis from the affected eyes. Other tests include fluid samples from the throat, genitals, and rectum. This is to ascertain if it is indeed gonorrhea. If the results come in affirmative, the doctor will recommend antibiotics and eye gels for a specified period. Though home testing kits are available, it is highly advisable to go for expert medical practitioners.

Read More: Gonorrhea Treatment

Read More: Testing and Diagnosis of Gonorrhea

Product: Gonorrhea Test 

Prevention

The best way to avoid gonorrhea is to abstain from sex and STDs. Nevertheless, you may still contract it through body contact with unclean hands. If you shake hands containing the gonococcal bacteria and touch your eye, the bacteria will infect your eye. As far as you are concerned, practice safe sex and observe a high standard of hygiene afterward.

Few women show any signs of the disease during the window period. Regular screening helps in addressing the infection before spreading to other parts. Equally, men should have periodical screening to be safe. This is for those who have regular unprotected sex. 

The last group is pregnant women. Many newborn babies contract the disease at the delivery time. It is suitable for expectant mothers to abstain from sex or have regular screening to deter the mother to infant transmission.

Read More: Gonorrhea Overview 

References

https://www.msdmanuals.com/home/eye-disorders/conjunctival-and-scleral-disorders/infectious-conjunctivitis

https://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.1002511

Gonorrhea in the Anus and Rectum

Gonorrhea information

The prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases globally is high. Generally, the conditions are diverse according to the geographical regions in question. Likewise, they differ in symptoms and modes of transmission. Recently, there is a new rise in rectal sexual transmission of diseases.

Mostly, bacteria pass from the secretion of the infected penis into the rectum. The risk is open to men who have anal sex with their women partners, but the prevalence is higher in homosexuals. This is due to constant engagement in anal sex. Though gonorrhea is most common in the heterosexual organs, the emergence of anal Gonorrhea is raising medical concerns.

Read More: Gonorrhea Symptoms

Analysis

The gonococcus bacterium is dangerous in many parts of the body. In preference, it infects the parts that are close in contact with sexual fluids. These include the oral, vaginal, and anal organs. In women, the infection is less since most of them contract the disease through the vagina. In some cases, the vaginal discharge may find its way to the anus due to the two organs’ proximity. The argument is different in men since the only way of sex between two men is through the anus.

Read More: Gonorrhea in Ghana

On average, the incubation window period after infection is about 2 to 7 days. Depending on individuals, some clinical manifestations can take more days than a week, but not more than two weeks. The indications are homogeneous in both men and women. Some of those include painful itching in and around the rectum opening, blood, and pus discharge. This makes it difficult for the victim to have proper functionalities in the bowels.

Testing

In the first place, anyone who suspects any risky of exposure to gonorrhea should go for medical testing. At the clinic, the doctor may opt for a sigmoidoscopic examination. A little camera goes into the rectum to detect any sore ulcers. The doctor can take samples from the anal fluids for testing. And lastly, you can have a self-examination at home using a specialized medical kit.

Product: Right Sign Gonorrhea Test

Product: One Step Gonorrhea Test

Treatment

It is wise for both partners to seek screening and treatment at the earliest convenient time. This helps contain the spread of the bacteria from further damage. If there is a delay in medication, several conditions may occur. In both men and women, the spread can cause damage to the reproductive organs and fertility.

When the infecting bacteria get to the bloodstream, it spreads to other parts of the body. Fatal brain and nervous complications like meningitis and arthritis may manifest.

The regular medication of anal gonorrhea is by antibiotics. But any delay for treatment complicates the treatment procedure. Doctors recommend that you have screening after the medication period. This ensures a medical confirmation that the disease is over.

Read More: Gonorrhea Diagnosis and Testing

References

https://sti.bmj.com/content/81/4/287

https://www.avert.org/sex-stis/sexually-transmitted-infections/gonorrhoea

https://wellcomeopenresearch.org/articles/4-79

Genital Herpes

Herpes Information

There are two types of venereal conditions. The first one comes from the Type 1 virus, while the other is Type 2. Though both are venereal diseases, they exhibit distinct clinical conditions. Type 1 virus mainly attacks the mouth and lips of a patient with painful blisters. Then Type 2 affects the genitals in both men and women. The most common is the lip herpes that people rarely associate it with any venereal virus. Though many terms it as disease, genital herpes is a condition like HIV. You will have to manage it for life.

Read More: HIV and AIDS

Analysis

Like all the others, genital herpes relies on sexual contact for its transmission. When one comes into contact with genital fluids from an infected person, the virus infects the foreign person. The debate around the transmission through oral saliva is still ongoing. The worrying trend is most of the infected persons do not realize that they are carriers. Like HIV, you may incubate the virus for a long period without displaying any clinical signs.

Read More: STDs in Ghana

The incubation period is not constant. The outbreak of the symptoms can be within a week or stay for months. Herpes symptoms will include any of the following.

  • Blisters around the mouth and lips
  • In both men and women, blisters on the genitals, buttocks and the anus
  • Painful itching of the blistering area
  • Open sores after the blister breaks and oozes fluids
  • Swelling of the lymph glands
  • Headaches and fever

Pregnant women can pass the disease to the baby during delivery. So, it is advisable to have cesarean delivery at childbirth. The complications on the baby may mirror or be severe than the parent.

Read More: Genital Herpes Symptoms

Clinical Testing

Most likely, the doctor can diagnose the sores by physical examination. But the standard practice is to have the fluid and tissues for laboratory testing. A clinical blood test can detect the herpes virus in its incubation period. In case you suspect of any exposure to the virus, seek medical opinion fast.

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Product: One Step Herpes Test

Treatment

Since it is a lifetime condition, the medication can only manage the clinical signs. Most doctors prescribe a combination of antiretroviral for a specific period. Treatment is usually at the onset of the outbreak until the symptoms disappear.

Self-medication at home is a supplement to conventional drugs. Proper hygiene with mild bathing soaps and drying the sores with a dry towel is highly effective in managing the ulcers. It helps in containing the blisters and accelerates the healing of the crusts.

Read More: Genital Herpes Treatment

Prevention

As you have more outbreaks, so does your immune system decline. It is useful if you abstain from sexual activities. This reduces the chance of contracting other diseases like HIV, gonorrhea, and syphilis. Pregnant mothers should take good care of themselves to avoid mother to infant transmission.

Read More: What’s Herpes and Benefits of Testing at Home

Read More: Genital Herpes in Ghana

References

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/326882486_SERO-prevalence_of_herpes_simplex_virus_type_1_and_type_2_among_women_attending_routine_Cervicare_clinics_in_Ghana

https://www.redelve.com/backend/images/article/1553841134.pdf