Can STD Cause a Man Not to Get Erection?

Can STD Cause a Man Not to Get Erection? Image

Getting an erection can mean life and death to a man. When you cannot get your penile functions in order, other triggers set in your life, you may suffer low self-esteem and get a severe erectile dysfunction. Out of the several things that may cause erectile dysfunction, today, we will look at the effect of sexually transmitted diseases. Can a sexually transmitted disease cause a man not to get hard? We will endeavor to get to the bottom of it.

What is an erection?

It is the hardening of the penis when a man gets arousal ready for sex. It is sometimes known as getting hard. When a man gets arousal, the body pumps blood into the penile arteries. The blood inflates the penis and expands its size. In the process, the penile tissues become harder than usual to effect good penetration during intercourse. Apart from the blood, the prostate gland also aids in the sexual functions of a man. It helps control the ejaculation and control of the bladder during sex.

Sexually transmitted diseases

These are diseases that pass over from one person to another through sexual intercourse. They first manifest in and around the genitals. Later they may affect the other body organs depending on the type of bacteria or virus. The most common sexually transmitted diseases are viral and bacterial. They include human papillomavirus, HIV, herpes, and hepatitis. The bacterial infections are syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea. Whereas the viral infections attack the other body parts, the bacterial infections stay in the genitals. They tend to attack organs that aid the reproductive system of a man.

It is difficult to know if you have an infection until the clinical manifestations occur. The symptoms of most bacterial infections appear around the genitals. They include rashes, penile discharge, painful urinating, and blockage of the scrotum passages. It usually takes about four days for the initial signs to appear. By this time, the damage of the organs is already ongoing. With a proper diagnosis, the infections can be reversed completely.

Erectile dysfunction

If you do not get a quick diagnosis and treatment, the damage can be severe. Since the symptoms become evident after days, the organs usually suffer damage without your knowledge. Thus get proper treatment from a doctor. After the treatment, go back for checkups to confirm that all the organs are in order. If the confirmation comes early enough, the reproductive organs will be safe from damage. 

Sexually transmitted diseases and the prostate

The prostate gland is responsible for some functions of the penis during the process of sexual arousal. When you get a sexually transmitted bacterial disease, the infection can get to the prostate. In fact, the bacteria gain access to the prostate through the bloodstream. As the prostate gland becomes weaker, so does your reproductive system. The prevalent sexual infections that damage the prostate are chlamydia and gonorrhea.

With a defective prostate, you will gradually decrease your erection strength. Infections in the urinary tract and blockages in the scrotum may lead to painful erections. It, in turn, inhibits your urge for sex. Physically, you will be getting less and less stronger erections until the body loses its sex drive. It is good that once you get a sexually transmitted disease infection, see a doctor immediately. Discuss with your doctor the implications of the secondary infections to other body organs. If possible, get the medication of the secondary infections. 

Remedies for sexually transmitted disease erectile dysfunction

When you do not get an erection due to a sexually transmitted disease, you need to see a doctor. The apparent concern should be secondary damage affecting your penile functions. The doctor should be able to diagnose if the damage is curable through simple medication or surgery. Whichever the case, discuss all the repercussions with your doctor. When the urologist discovers the root cause, the treatment should start immediately. The longer you stay with your problem, the more damage happens to your sexual organs.

Another avenue to address the lack of getting hard after a sexual infection is talking to your partner. Most likely, your partner harbors a concern about your condition. Since men do not like to talk about it, women also tend not to hurt the masculine ego. Initiating a dialogue will help you get better psychologically. 

It is almost a taboo to talk about having a sexually transmitted infection. The silence gives room for the victim to continue suffering without medication. People opt for over the counter self-medication. That may treat the symptoms but leave any other underlying secondary infections. Indeed, a sexually transmitted disease can cause you not to get Erection. But with proper medical attention, you can get out of the erectile dysfunction.

References

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/322048

https://www.healthline.com/health/erectile-dysfunction/can-chlamydia-cause-erectile-dysfunction


Sexually Transmitted Disease-Causing PID

Sexually Transmitted Disease-Causing PID “Pelvic Inflammatory Disease” Image

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a common issue for many women around the world. While many different causes can lead to the occurrence of this health issue, one of the most common cause is the presence of a sexually transmitted disease, specifically the presence of gonorrhea and chlamydia. In today’s article, we will share information on the topic of pelvic inflammatory disease caused by STDs and why it is important to get tested and treated in time.

What is a pelvic inflammatory disease?

Pelvic inflammatory disease is the term that refers to a condition that characterizes itself with infection of the female reproductive system. In 2013, around 88,000 women ages 15-44 had been diagnosed with PID in the United States alone. Each year, an estimated one million women struggle with this condition. It has also been suggested that 10-15% of all women experience PID at least once in their lifetime.

The common symptoms of the pelvic inflammatory disease include:

  • Pain in the lower abdomen, which is the most common symptoms caused by PID;
  • Mild to more severe pelvic pain;
  • Painful sexual intercourse;
  • Painful and frequent urination;
  • Fever;
  • Vomiting;
  • Fainting;
  • Increased vaginal discharge with a strong smell;
  • Irregular menstrual bleeding;
  • Fatigue, etc.

If left untreated, PID can lead to some serious complications. A tubo-ovarian abscess often develops as well as chronic pelvic pain. If PID develops in pregnant women, it can lead to an ectopic pregnancy, compromising the life of the fetus. There is also a high risk of infertility as well. All of these dangerous complications point out the importance of proper treatment and prevention. 

Sexually transmitted diseases as causes for PID in women

Some of the risk factors for developing the pelvic inflammatory disease are:

  • Having sexual intercourse before the age of 25;
  • Having multiple sexual partners;
  • Having unprotected sexual intercourse;
  • Having a history of PID;
  • Having recently inserted an intrauterine device (IUD);
  • Douching, etc.

However, the greatest risk factors for developing PID is the presence of gonorrhea and chlamydia or having had a medical history that includes these or any other sexually transmitted diseases. It is very common for the infection, that is later causing the characteristic symptoms of PID, to develop after certain bacteria, such as Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis which are causing these two common STDs with that being gonorrhea and chlamydia, move upward from the vagina or cervix into the reproductive organs. PID is one of the most common health complications that happen due to an untreated STD.

PID can easily spread through unprotected sexual contact, affecting more and more people. This is why it is very important to get tested in time and recommend your partner to do the same. Getting tested in time is especially important for male partners that you have engaged in unprotected sexual contact since men can be silent carriers of the bacteria that then causes the symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease. 

Is it possible to treat PID?

PID is highly treatable if diagnosed early. But one thing that you should know is that although proper treatment can and will eliminate the symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease, it is not possible to undo the damage that has been done, meaning that any complication or complications that have happened cannot be reversed. This is why it is very important to get treated as soon as you notice any signs and symptoms of either STD or PID to help preserve your reproductive, but also general health. 

Since it is a bacterial infection that is causing pelvic inflammatory disease, you will be prescribed antibiotics to treat the existing infection. If there is an abscess forming as a complication of the existing PID, surgery may be required to be done as well. 

How to prevent PID and STDs in general?

Everyone can act to lower their risk of contracting STDs and PID. There are a few simple steps that need to be followed to do that:

  • Always practice safe, protected sex;
  • Get tested in time if you notice any signs and symptoms of either an STD or a PID;
  • Avoid douches;
  • Inform your partner/partners to get tested if you have tested positive for the presence of either an STD or a PID;
  • Get informed about the perks of practicing safe sex;
  • Limit the number of your sexual partners.

References

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK499959/

https://www.womenshealth.gov/a-z-topics/pelvic-inflammatory-disease

https://healthengine.com.au/info/pelvic-inflammatory-disease-pid#:~:text=10%E2%80%9315%25%20of%20women%20experience,tubes%20resulting%20from%20untreated%20PID.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4998032/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3249632/

STDs Symptoms in Men

STDs Symptoms in Men Image

Various symptoms are expected to develop due to STDs, and it is important for every man to keep these symptoms in mind. That is why in the following article we will briefly discuss the most common STDs and their symptoms in men. 

The most common STDs and their symptoms in men

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a bacterial infection of the genital tract that can be transmitted through vaginal, anal, and oral unprotected sex. Chlamydia usually goes unnoticed there are very few to no symptoms showing. In fact, it has been estimated that around 25-50% of the male patients with Chlamydia experience no symptoms whatsoever. And the ones that do, usually struggle with:

  • Swollen testicles
  • Painful urination
  • Penile discharge

The good news is that Chlamydia is easily treated with the use of antibiotics. However, repetitive infections are possible and quite common, which is why past patients are advised towards protected sex and regular testing for Chlamydia. 

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

HPV is one of the most common STDs known to men and women all around the world. The most obvious reason to get infected with this difficult virus is of course, through unprotected sexual contact. Men who get infected with HPV usually do not develop any symptoms right away. Some of them might develop some symptoms months or years after the initial infection. The most characteristic symptom of HPV is genital warts which develop when oral or anal sex is listed as the main reason. Otherwise, oral warts are expected to develop.

When it comes to HPV, it is better to prevent it than to treat it. That is why there is a vaccine that anybody can get as a way to protect themselves against HPV. Of course, protected sex is another valid prevention method not only for HPV but for all STDs in general. HPV, if it does not show any symptoms, can resolve on its own without any treatment. However, if there are symptoms present, then you definitely need to visit your doctor.

Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is another bacterial infection that can be transmitted through vaginal, anal, and oral sex, thus affecting the urethra, anus, and throat. Gonorrhea in men rarely causes any symptoms to develop. However, when they do, the following symptoms are expected to develop:

  • Painful urination
  • White, yellow, or green penile discharge that usually occurs one to fourteen days after the individual has been infected with the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  • Pain that is felt in the testicles
  • Itching and soreness in the area of the anus
  • Bloody discharge from the anus
  • Skin rash
  • Painful, swollen glands in the throat

Gonorrhea is also treated with the use of antibiotics. Once again, past patients are advised towards safe, protected sex and regular testing. They also need to be explained the increasing rise of antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea, which will make treatment more difficult in the future.

Genital herpes

Herpes is an infection due to the hepatitis simplex virus (HSV). There are two types of hepatitis, of which type 2 is always transmitted through unprotected sex and leads to the development of genital hepatitis. The symptoms of genital herpes in men include:

  • Painful blisters in the genital area
  • Burning and tingling sensations around the blisters
  • Loss of appetite 
  • Muscle aches
  • Fever
  • Swollen lymph nodes

When it comes to herpes, there are some general methods that can be used to treat the momentary outbreak; however, future outbreaks are expected to happen. Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent any future outbreaks. 

AIDS 

AIDS is a life-threatening disease that is caused by an infection with the human immunodeficiency virus. HIV can be transmitted through a variety of ways, including unprotected sexual contact with a person infected with HIV or who is a carrier of HIV, contaminated needles, from mother to child during pregnancy, etc. This virus attacks your immune system, causing mild to more severe infections to develop in your body. Other than that, upon getting infected, there are some general symptoms that can be experienced including a sore throat, headaches, skin rash, fatigue, and swollen lymph nodes. It can take up to 10 years for the infection and disease themselves to be diagnosed. Prevention is key when it comes to AIDS and HIV.

STD Home Testing Offers An Affordable Way To Reduce STDs

STD Home Testing Offers An Affordable Way To Reduce The Incidence Of STDs

STD testing was once only available from a doctor’s office. The patient was also able to visit a local clinic to have a test for common sexually transmitted infections. For many people, the process of obtaining an STD test through these procedures was considered inconvenient. Many feel that they want more privacy when they undergo a test for an STD, whether that is for HIV, Chlamydia, or any other type of sexually transmitted infection. 

Advancements in technology now allow people to obtain an appropriate STD test from the comfort of their own home. These STD kits are relatively easy to use and offer patients access to accurate results in a more secure environment. 

How STD Home Kits Work

HIV is a concern among the entire Eastern and Southern African regions. In addition to HIV, the healthcare system is also concerned about Gonorrhea, Chlamydia, Syphilis, and several other diseases that are transmitted through sexual activity. 

STD home test kits offer an effective way for people to determine their status. These kits help to reduce the need to go out to a clinic to get tested for STDs, something that many people find lacks the privacy they desire. 

An STD kit is ordered from an appropriate manufacturer. The product is then delivered in a discreet package to the customer’s location. Full instructions are provided in the package, ensuring the customer knows exactly what to do. 

A sample will usually be added to a bottle and then sent toward a return address. The return address ensures the sample is delivered to a laboratory, where a test will be conducted on the patient’s sample provided. This allows for a diagnosis to be made. 

When a test comes back positive, it is crucial for the patient to seek appropriate treatment from a healthcare professional. 

How STD Home Test Kits Offers An Affordable Way To Reduce The Current Prevalence

Healthcare systems in Africa are constantly looking for ways to reduce the incidence rate of STDs in the country. The availability of finances often poses a challenge, however. 

The implementation of STD home test kits may be a perfect way to reduce the incidence rates without too many expenses. These test kits are generally affordable and reduce the need for a visit to a doctor’s office. This already saves the healthcare system money in the process. 

The prevalence of STDs may also be reduced with these kits. When an infected person is tested positive, they are able to recognize the dangers of not having safe sex. A positive result would rather encourage the individual to use condoms to avoid spreading the infection to their own partners. 

Sexually transmitted diseases often go undiagnosed in earlier stages. This leads to a higher risk of further transmission. STD home test kits give people a method that is more private. These tests produce accurate results and are readily available today. The use of STD home test kits also offers an affordable method for reducing the current prevalence of sexually transmitted infections in Africa. 

References

https://www.avert.org/professionals/hiv-around-world/sub-saharan-africa/overview

STD Numbers Are Still High: Is Online Dating to Blame?

STD Numbers Are Still High: Is Online Dating to Blame Image

STD numbers have been steadily increasing over the years. The Sub-Saharan African region was ranked as the highest infected area in the world with 15 million cases of chlamydia, 3.5 million syphilis, 30 million trichomonas, and 16 million gonorrheas. And has remained the number one most infected region for years. 

Recently, however, the CDC stated online dating apps could be the reason for the constant increase in STDs around the globe, not just the African population. In fact, statistics have shown that since online dating became popular, gonorrhea rates have doubled and syphilis has increased by five times. For the last decade, even chlamydia went up by 56%. 

These records do seem worrying; but what does online dating have to do with the constant increase in STD rates? Here, we will do a detailed analysis of the effects of online dating, and why does it matter for the African population. But, most importantly, we will talk whether it is to blame for the rising STD rates. 

How Does Online Dating Result in STDs?

Based on statistical analysis, 79% of online daters agree that dating apps are a good way of meeting new people. Most of them find it beneficial that they don’t need to know a lot about their potential partner aside from getting intimate. While 33% of users agree this makes it difficult for them to settle down. But, it’s a more convenient method, than having to look for a partner any other way. 

While there isn’t enough research to effectively link online dating to STDs, it can be a potential concern for many. There are a couple of problems many people have pointed out with online dating, these include:

  • Unprotected sex
  • Lack of communication
  • Failure to promote healthy intercourse

People are getting intimate with someone they barely know. Since online dating makes changing partners a lot easier and more convenient, it has become easier to spread STDs than before. Most people have no idea their partner may carry infection, so they unknowingly get to spread it to a future partner. Therefore, increasing the rates for contracting STDs in Africa and worldwide. 

According to a Dutch study, many individuals seek unprotected sex through online dating, particularly for same-sex intercourse. Many of the participants evaluated in the study were unaware that anal intercourse could also spread STDs. While the reasons differ for every individual, many people did result in having unprotected sex and contracting STDs. 

Why STD Numbers Matter for Africa?

Statistics show, 51.7% of the population in South Africa between the ages of 25 to 34, use online dating apps to find a potential partner. While 13.8% are 18 to 24 years old. Even though hardly as many people in Africa use dating apps as in the U.S., it’s obvious that plenty of people are willing to skip the old-school dating method and go for easier alternatives. 

For Africa, this is a serious issue. Most STDs are a taboo, and getting intimate with a stranger could become a potential problem for STDs. In poorer regions, like this continent, talking about sexually transmitted infections has a higher chance to make dating a lot more difficult. People would rather not publicly disclose their sexual health situation or may not even know they are infected. Both of these problems are present in Africa, and much more likely to happen. 

Also, there is another issue. Recently, fewer people have been using contraceptives to stop spreading STDs, officials announced. Many of which fail to use condoms during intercourse with a spouse. 

Unprotected sex, whether it is oral, anal, or vaginal, can equally spread STDs. Individuals who don’t use these methods of protection, but regularly change partners, are more likely to get infected. 

What Should You Do?

If you prefer online dating, it’s important that you establish boundaries. Have a proper conversation with the potential partner and insist that you use contraceptives. To prevent the onset of any STD, it’s crucial to use condoms, including for same-sex intercourse. Otherwise, you risk exposing yourself to serious infections that could drastically impact your overall health, like HIV for example. 

Even though it’s hard to figure out if online dating is to blame for increased STD rates, it’s safe to say that people should take the right precautions. Not just for themselves, but for their future partners as well. 

References

https://www.statista.com/outlook/372/112/online-dating/south-africa#market-arpu

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12348788

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-7576299/Hawaii-health-officials-blame-states-spike-STIs-online-dating.html

https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/health/2019/10/14/std-online-dating-higher-disease-numbers-linked/3973450002/

https://www.mdpi.com/2076-0760/6/3/78/htm

https://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12879-016-1637-5

https://www.verywellhealth.com/are-internet-dating-sites-endangering-public-health-4118176

STD Might Be The Reason For Seminal Fluid Leakage After Urination

STD Might Be The Reason For Seminal Fluid Leakage After Urination Image

Seminal fluid leakage after urination can occur after ejaculation when the semen remains in the urethra. If this happens, then you will observe that your urine looks cloudy as it is mixed with semen. Sometimes, this is not a cause for major concern. But there are cases when it may be due to a certain disease such as STI, retrograde ejaculation, or urinary incontinence.  

Here are some indications why you experience seminal fluid leakage after urination:

Retrograde Ejaculation

Both urine and sperm pass through the urethra. Near the neck of your bladder is a muscle or sphincter that aids in holding your urine until it is time for you to urinate. The same muscle contracts during orgasm that keep the semen from entering the bladder. It is then flown through the urethra until it is released at the tip of your penis. 

The failure of the muscle to contract results in retrograde ejaculation. Instead of making it flow at the tip of your penis, it ends up in your bladder as the muscles stay relaxed. This is what you call dry orgasm. This does not really affect sexual pleasure, and it is like a normal orgasm, even if you do not ejaculate. Anyway, it is not a serious health problem most of the time. 

Symptoms

During orgasm, you produce a little or no semen at all. Semen should find its way through your urethra, not into your bladder. And because it is combined with your urine, you will notice that you have a seminal fluid leakage after urination. It’s like your urine is that which comes out after sex. 

Causes

Most problems with ejaculation are due to psychological causes. But retrograde ejaculation is due to a physical problem. This is because this condition is due to the muscles found at your bladder’s opening. 

Retrograde ejaculation is a usual side effect of certain medications, such as those prescribed for treating depression, high blood pressure, or an enlarged prostate. It may also be due to injury to the nervous system caused by various conditions like diabetes, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, and Parkinson’s disease. 

If you undergo surgery due to prostate cancer, it can damage your nerves and affect your prostate, bladder, and seminal vesicles. The most common causes of this condition are bladder surgery and prostate surgery. 

Sexually Transmitted Infection

There are actually many types of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as chlamydia, herpes, human papillomavirus, syphilis, and gonorrhea. These kinds of STIs can cause penile discharge. 

Penile discharge occurs when fluid is collected in the urethra due to a viral, yeast, or bacterial infection. The penile discharge varies depending on the cause of the STI. Some penile discharge can be cloudy and opaque, which contains pus, sometimes blood, while others can be clear and watery. Seminal fluid leakage after urination may be due to STIs. 

Sometimes, seminal fluid leakage may be due to urinary tract infections (UTIs). This kind of infection affects your kidney, bladder, and urethra. It is usually accompanied by a burning sensation or pain during urination. And this could also make you experience seminal fluid leakage after urination. 

Symptoms

A range of symptoms can be experienced, depending on the kind of STI you have. Sometimes, it doesn’t have symptoms at all. People with STI may experience penile discharge, burning or painful urination, lower abdominal pain, swollen lymph nodes, bumps or sores on the genitals, and many more. People with STI experience seminal fluid leakage after urination. 

Causes

STIs are usually caused by viruses, parasites, and bacteria. One of the reasons for having an STI is through sexual activity. Infections can be spread through sexual intercourse, although you can also get it even without contact. Hepatitis, Giardia intestinalis, and shigella are few causes of STIs that are not taken through sexual contact. 

Urinary Incontinence 

If you are experiencing a seminal fluid leakage after urination, it may indicate that you are suffering from urinary incontinence. This condition involves involuntary urine leakage. It occurs when you involuntarily urinate even if you don’t want to. Urinary incontinence usually happens when you lose or weaken your control over your urinary sphincter. 

Anyway, this condition is very common and affects almost one-third of men and women in the US alone. Although this is very common to women, it is found out that 1.5 to 5 percent of men suffer from urinary incontinence. 

Symptoms

Of course, the most common symptom of this condition is the unintentional or involuntary leakage of urine. How and when this happens usually depends on the type of incontinence you are suffering. If you are experiencing seminal fluid leakage after urination, it may also indicate urinary incontinence. 

Causes

The causes of urinary incontinence may depend on its type, including stress incontinence, urge incontinence, overflow incontinence, and total incontinence. Some causes of urinary incontinence include age, obesity, neurological condition, enlarged prostate gland, anatomical defect since birth, UTIs, alcohol, and even various medications. 

References

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4910035/

https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/507856


WHO Demands Action Against Rising Rates Of STDs In Africa

WHO Revise STD Treatment Guidelines As Threat Of Antibiotic Resistance Escalates Image

A rise in sexually transmitted diseases has been noted among the African population. Failure to implement appropriate strategies would further aggravate the issue in Africa at hand. The World Health Organization reports more on the epidemic and has been suggesting further action for the last two decades. Still, challenges are being faced which makes prevention strategies less effective. 

The current State Of STDs In Africa

The World Health Organization reports over 30 million cases where patients were diagnosed with trichomoniasis in 1998. The same year, over 3.5 million people had syphilis and about 15 million were diagnosed with chlamydia. The data presented here only account for the Sub-Saharan African region. 

Due to the rise of STDs in African regions, the World Health Organization has demanded appropriate action to be taken. Unfortunately, there is still a major concern for the prevalence of STDs in the country. The WHO later reported further worries related to the STD rate in Sub-Saharan Africa. Syphilis and Gonorrhea are reported to be among the major concerns when looking at the prevalence of STDs in the country. 

Actions To Be Taken Against The Rising Prevalence Of STDs

The continued increase in the prevalence of common STDs requires appropriate action to be taken. There are several prevention strategies that need to be implemented not only in Sub-Saharan Africa but also in other regions of Africa where there is a high prevalence of these sexually transmitted infections. 

Patients are urged to undergo frequent testing if they are sexually active. By recognizing STIs early on, there is a bigger opportunity for reducing the risk of the person spreading it to their sexual partners. Early treatment can also be initiated, which could yield more effective results. 

Even home testing kits are now available, which allows people to know if they have been infected by one of these diseases without the need to visit a doctor’s office. 

The African population needs more education on ways to prevent the spreading of STDs too. The population should be made aware of the benefits that come with using a condom and other safer sex habits. This can help to reduce the risk of new infections. 

Even when a cure is available, people still need to ensure they practice safer sex. Treating gonorrhea with antibiotics is currently a challenge, for example. More-and-more people are presenting with resistance to these antibiotics, making current treatment options less effective. This also greatly increases the risk that the patient will experience serious side-effects and complications. 

Gonorrhea, syphilis, and several other STDs have a high prevalence in African regions. The World Health Organization urges the population to take appropriate action. Practicing safe sex is crucial, along with obtaining frequent testing for common sexually transmitted infections. This would allow the infected individuals to take appropriate action; thus reducing the risk that they would continue spreading the diseases and contributing to the rising prevalence of STIs in Africa. 

References

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12348788

https://www.voanews.com/africa/who-reports-increase-stds-sub-saharan-africa

New Study Identifies What Gives Nigerian Students Confidence to Use Condoms

New Study Identifies What Gives Nigerian Students Confidence to Use Condoms Image

The center of efforts to decrease the incidence and prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases accounts for raising awareness of condom use. In Nigeria and neighboring countries, this has been a tricky endeavor as public stigma often prevents men and women from being open about their sex life. Purchasing a box of condoms isn’t such an easy task for many, but things are changing. The latest study explored and identified different reasons that gave confidence to Nigerian students to adopt healthier sex practices and use condoms. Below, you can learn more.

Attitudes about condom use

Condoms are widely promoted to encourage sexually active men and women to practice safe sex. This has become incredibly important for students i.e. people who have started with sexual activity and need to be safe and cautious to avoid potentially negative scenarios (STDs and unwanted pregnancy) down the road. That being said, there were no studies that aimed to inspect the efficacy of those efforts to promote condom use and determine whether they had any impact. 

A study whose findings were published in the journal PLoS One aimed to change that. The main objective of the study was to assess the predictors of self-efficacy for condom use among university students in Nigeria. For the study, researchers enrolled 755 students in Nigeria who were interviewed in a period between February and April 2018. The results of the study are interesting and contribute to knowledge about the sexual behavior and health of healthy young adults in sub-Saharan Africa.

Over 70% of students were between 20 and 34 years old and 80% of subjects were sexually experienced. Moreover, 78% of students stated that religion was a significant part of their lives. Interestingly, 53% of students have never discussed sex-related subjects with their mother and 84% confessed they never talked about this topic with their father.

The study revealed that sexually experienced students were most confident about buying and using condoms. This finding clearly shows that confidence in condom use stems from sexual experience. Scientists confirmed that self-belief is developed through personal experience, but other important factors played a role. Age, sex, and parental factors also contributed to a person’s confidence in condom use.

Importance of the study

Findings from the study can serve health agencies and regulatory bodies to update their campaigns and target high-risk groups such as sexually inexperienced people who are less confident about condom use. These results also show there is a lot that has to be done to encourage young people in sub-Saharan Africa to use condoms and practice safe sex, be open about their sexual experiences, and thereby protecting themselves and others.

Conclusion

Sexually experienced students are more confident in condom use than their inexperienced counterparts. Other factors such as age also play a role. These findings could shape up efforts to promote safe sex practices by targeting those who are at the least likely to use condoms.

References 

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0221804

https://theconversation.com/what-gives-nigerian-students-the-confidence-to-use-condoms-130331

Ebola Survivors Can Pass on Disease Through Sexual Activity

Ebola Survivors Can Pass on Disease Through Sexual Activity Image

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), ebola outbreak that was declared in the Democratic Republic of Congo is the world’s second-largest Ebola epidemic. The latest figures show that 3444 cases of Ebola were recorded including 1169 survivors and 2264 deaths. Considering the severity of the disease, scientists are trying to uncover as much as they can about ebola and its consequences. The latest study showed that survivors can pass on the virus through sexual intercourse. 

Passing on Ebola through sexual intercourse

Ebola is a serious condition that requires further studies to uncover all the mechanisms through which the disease spreads and develops. Reports show that the re-emergence of Ebola is strongly associated with sexual transmission from survivors and persistent infections. In other words, patients who have survived ebola can still carry the virus and spread it to their sexual partners several months after the recovery. Survival from ebola and absence of symptoms may give people a false sense of security which is why they could transmit the virus (which they still carry) to someone without realizing it. 

A review of studies, published in the journal Virus, focused on the persistence of the Ebola virus in survivors. The paper suggests that sporadic transmission events led to the initiation of new chains of human-to-human transmission. As a result, many studies theorized that the re-emergence was down to infections from people who have already survived the disease, as mentioned above. The asymptomatic infection and long-term viral persistence in ebola disease survivors could result in the incidental introduction of the virus in new geographic regions and raise both national and local public health concerns. 

The complexity surrounding ebola disease also includes the fact that the virus could be detected in 50% of male survivors even 115 days after recovery. What’s more, the Ebola virus could linger in the recovered patient for up to three years. This means there is a potential for a man who has beaten Ebola could still give the virus to his sexual partner. Of course, it would be difficult to control the outbreak and the incidence of new cases under these circumstances. 

Further studies are crucial

Discovery that survivors could pass ebola to their sexual partners is crucial, but many other questions need answers. One of the biggest problems here is that men’s semen was used in studies, but it is also important to carry out studies in women as well. 

The fact that ebola could have this transmission route could point to new cases of the disease. That’s why it’s also important to study the disease more thoroughly. The information obtained through studies could help educate the public and raise awareness of different transmission routes.

Conclusion

Evidence shows that patients who have survived ebola could still transmit the disease through sexual activity, even if they do not officially have other symptoms. More studies are necessary to explore this disease and different transmission routes. 

References 

https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/ebola/drc-2019

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26465384

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30513823

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/langlo/article/PIIS2214-109X(16)30243-1/fulltext

Sexually Transmitted Human Papillomavirus (HPV) In Africa

Sexually Transmitted Human Papillomavirus (HPV) In Africa Image

HPV, or human papillomavirus, is a growing concern. Recent findings suggest a spike in the incidence of HPV diagnosis in the African region. Initial symptoms of the infection are often overlooked. This increases the patient’s risk of developing more serious complications. Currently, a concerning complication includes cervical cancer. 

HPV Incidence Rates In Africa

HPV incidence is increasing according to several reports. Some areas of Africa also seem to be at a higher risk for the infection than others. The highest incidence of HPV is reported in Eastern Africa, with an epidemiology rating of 20.3% among female citizens. In Africa, when all areas are considered, the prevalence of HPV is 18.7% among African women. An estimated 372 million women over the age of 15 in Africa are also considered to be at risk for cervical cancer. 

Recognizing HPV Symptoms Early

Patients who are able to recognize early symptoms of HPV have a higher chance of preventing its complications. For most people, genital warts will be the first symptom to appear. Some people also develop general warts when they are infected with HPV. Two other types of warts can also affect the patient – these include flat and plantar warts. 

The condition can also lead to upper respiratory lesions. Some people develop oral lesions. Cervical cancer is another growing concern related to HPV. There are other cancers that have also been associated with HPV infection. These include cancers affecting the genitals, upper respiratory tract, mouth, and the patient’s anus. 

Preventing HPV

Prevention strategies are required to reduce the incidence of HPV in Africa. There are several prevention techniques that may yield effective results. This includes providing patients easier access to the HPV vaccine. The vaccine is able to provide a significant reduction in the risk of being infected with the STI. 

Patients also need to be made aware of the benefits that come with practicing safe sex. The use of a condom may also further help to reduce the risk of spreading the HPV infection. Patients should also try to minimize the number of different sexual partners they have. 

Treatment For HPV

HPV has no specific cure, which is why prevention is so important. Warts that developed can be treated. A salicylic acid solution is often used to treat these warts. Imiquimod is another topical treatment that may be used to treat warts caused by HPV. 

There are certain surgical options that patients may opt for too. This includes cryotherapy and electrocautery. Surgical removal of the wart is another option that could be considered. 

Conclusion

HPV is considered a serious problem in several regions of Africa. Growing concern about the disease has been reported by the WHO and other organizations. Along with an increase in HPV, researchers note a concerning the prevalence of cervical cancer among women in the country. Patients should be educated about early symptoms and take appropriate action on their side. 

References

https://hpvcentre.net/statistics/reports/XFX.pdf

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hpv-infection/symptoms-causes/syc-20351596