Hygiene And STD

Hygiene And STD Image

STD for the sexually transmitted disease is very common nowadays, in the states, there are 20 million STD cases each year. The majority of the cases belong to the Teenage group. 

The major questions that arise over here are as follows:

Do we get STD from having sex? Do pills protect against STD’s?

We need to understand a point over here, that if you have sexual contact with multiple partners and you don’t use any protection, this leads you to severe damage. Unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex can lead you to STD’s or STI’s. It can even happen with the sharing of sex toys. 

Does Being Hygienic Have Any Role In The Prevention of STD’s?

You need to understand that being hygienic can help you in tackling any such situation. From being hygienic, we are referring to a situation where you are fully aware of being neat and clean before or during having any sexual contacts or sex. 

  • You should use properly clean sex toys and use a new packet of condoms every time you are having sex. 
  • Reusability of any such thing can lead you to two sexually transmitted infections.

Some prevalent STDs include chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, and trichomoniasis

  • STI’s like herpes and syphilis can increase the risk of HIV acquisition.
  • HPV infections are the major causes of cervical cancer and deaths every year.

There are several kinds of antimicrobial resistance drugs that are available in the market for the prevention of STD’s and STI’s.

It Is Important To Educate The Youth About The Relationship Between Hygiene And STD’s

There is a global reformation by WHO for the treatment of STD’s, which includes educating the youth on the consequences they might have to face if they don’t follow hygiene during sexual intercourse.

Some of the preventive measures are:

  • Pre-exposure vaccination: HPV vaccination is recommended for boys and girls in the teenage so that they don’t face any consequences of STD’S.
  • Reduction in the number of sex partners: One of the major things is to know your sex partner and his or her health. Getting yourself checked and sharing the result with your partner serves as the best medium of making sure that you are going to have no problems.
  • Using condoms: it is one of the most effective ways, latex condoms are highly effective in the prevention of HIV infection or any kind of sexually transmitted disease. It even helps you in reducing the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease, herpes, hepatitis b, or syphilis.

Final Words

Hence, we can see that STD’s are one of the major health issues that are growing every year. There should be sex education in school with WHO guidelines, and there should also be proper education for the teenagers in regards to any sexually transmitted disease. 

If you are aware of the consequences, you will take precautions.

References:

https://www.cdc.gov/std/tg2015/clinical.htm

https://helloclue.com/articles/sex/stis-common-questions-and-misconceptions

https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/sexually-transmitted-infections-(stis)

Can Women Catch Diseases Off Toilet Seats?

Can Women Catch Diseases Off Toilet Seats? Image

Many women are skeptical about using public toilets because they fear to pick up Sexually Transmitted Diseases like chlamydia, herpes, gonorrhea, syphilis, and other genital infections.  If they use these toilets, most of them end up crouching instead of sitting on the toilet seat.

So is this claim true?

It’s very unlikely to catch any contagious infections from toilet seats because most of the STIs cannot survive on the cold surfaces; they cannot live outside the human body.  They also often transferred via contact with infected membranes and open cuts.

HIV and Hepatitis B do not readily transmit through intact skin like and parasites are usually spread through sexual contact or by contact by infected person clothing or towels.

There is no evidence whatsoever to suggest that someone can catch a venereal disease from using a public toilet.

The only way you can get an STI from a public toilet is by rubbing a mucous membrane or open wound all over the fluids left by someone who used the toilet previously.

The only STI with a plausibility of being transmitted to persons via a public toilet seat is an STI parasite.

Apart from being transmitted through sex, they can be picked from contact with moist or damp objects like a toilet seat, if the genitals are in close contact with the moist object.

But as we said earlier, toilet seats don’t provide an ideal environment for a parasite to live or reproduce. Also, to be infected your genitals must be in close contact with the parasite while still alive on the toilet seat.

The infections you can get from using a public toilet seat

Even though the chance of getting STIs like gonorrhea or chlamydia is near to zero, there are other bacteria you can get from toilet seats.

Here are the infections you might get:

E. coli (Escherichia coli) is often found in feces. Toilets seats provide a suitable breeding area for these bacteria.  The bacteria is usually located in your gut, but if you’re subjected to it from non-porous toilet seats, then you can suffer from abdominal cramps, vomiting, and diarrhea.

Streptococcus is a bacterium that we usually carry on our skin. If you share a toilet with someone carrying the bacteria, then you might become colonized by the bacteria.   The bacteria cause bronchial, pneumonia, and strep throat. Many bathrooms and toilets harbor this bacterium.

Shigella bacteria are transmitted between people when they don’t wash their hands thoroughly.  The infections of these bacteria are alike to that of E. coli and they get transmitted when an infected person’s feces contaminate a toilet seat, lids, and handles.  

How to protect yourself from picking up bacteria from public toilets

Luckily there are numerous ways to prevent yourself from contracting bacteria in the public toilet, including:

Regulate what you go with to the toilet, especially your smartphone. If you carry any belongings into the toilet, just leave your smartphone in your pocket or purse. And if you use it in the toilet, wipe it with alcohol-based wipes.

Don’t put your purse on the restroom surface. Place it on a hook, avoid placing them in restroom surfaces completely.

Wash your hand thoroughly after using public toilets if you want to avoid catching as many germs and bacteria as possible.

Dry your hand with your towel or use it to switch off the faucet and open or close the toilets door. The fewer restroom surfaces you come into contact with, the less your exposure to bacteria and germs.

Although it’s nearly impossible to contract an STI from a public toilet seat, many bacteria are living in public bathrooms and toilets. Therefore, it’s wise to follow precautions to minimize your exposure to bacteria as much as possible.

References

https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/sexually-transmitted-infections-(stis)

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0028132

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4991899/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1744865/

https://www.cdc.gov/std/herpes/stdfact-herpes.htm

https://www.cleaninginstitute.org/sites/default/files/assets/1/AssetManager/2005%20Hand%20Hygiene%20Survey%20Key%20Findings.pdf

https://aem.asm.org/content/81/2/765.full