Signs and Symptoms of Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea information

Gonorrhea is the most common venereal disease in the world. It is a bacteria that cause gonorrhea to transmit through unsafe sex or to come into contact with genital fluids, and this bacterium contain the disease. It is noteworthy, that women have a higher tolerance for the disease than men.

Therefore it is less likely for women to manifest signs of the disease than men, something you should keep in mind.

Vulnerable group

The vulnerable group in this instance is persons with exposure to unprotected sex, people with multiple sex partners, and furthermore drug addicts sharing intravenous needles.

These persons should have regular gonorrhea tests to contain any possible infection.

Clinical Signs in Men

The signs of the disease in men and women differ due to the difference in anatomy and tolerance.

In men, the symptoms may come after a few weeks of infection, and pain while urinating, and is a clear indication of gonorrhea. But should not be the decider of diagnosis. After some time, other manifestations come out.

Symptoms in men

  • Constant urge to urinate
  • Milky pus oozing from the penis
  • Inflammation of the testicles
  • Painful swelling of the penis
  • Redness color of the penis
  • And sometimes a sore throat

Clinical Signs in Women

Women have a low manifestation of the disease, because it is common for women to have urinary tract illnesses. Therefore, when the symptoms of gonorrhea come out, women can easily confuse it with vaginal yeast and other several bacterial infections, common to women. Nevertheless, the common gonorrhea symptoms are:

  • Unusual vaginal discharge
  • Constant urge to urinate
  • Pain or itchy feeling when urinating
  • Heavy menses
  • Fever
  • Pelvic pain
  • Sore throat
  • Pain when having sex

Read More: Gonorrhea general information

Gonorrhea in Other Parts of the Body

If you do go not seek treatment, the bacteria may spread to infect other body parts. Primarily, gonorrhea attacks any body part with a mucous membrane. Some of those include the rectum the throat, and the eyes.

The Rectum

Cases of spreading of gonorrhea through anal sex are rampant, and you should not ignore the risk. The riskof getting gonorrhea is more common in gay communities and heterosexuals engaging in anal sex. Symptoms of anal gonorrhea include:

  • Pain in the anus
  • Itchy feeling around the anus
  • Inflammation in the rectum

Read More: Gonorrhea in the Anus and Rectum

Throat

Practicing oral sex with a person infected with gonorrhea is an exposure to the disease. The gonococcal bacterium can infect your throat through the saliva, and many of the symptoms resemble common fever, cold and the flu. When this happens, your body displays these signs:

  • Fever
  • Swelling of your lymph glands
  • Sore and hoarse throat
  • Fever and headaches

The Eye

The contact of the gonococcal bacterium with the eyes brings about gonorrhea of the eye. It is not common, yet the most damaging. The disease damages the cornea and optical nerves, thus causing blindness. Some of the signs are:

  • Redness of the eye
  • Thick sticky discharge from the eye
  • Poor vision

Read More: Gonorrhea in the Eye

Read More: Testing and Diagnosis of Gonorrhea

References

https://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12879-019-4035-y

https://www.gardp.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/STI_Gonorrhea_Strategy_Proposal.pdf

Gonorrhea in the Anus and Rectum

Gonorrhea information

The prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases globally is high. Generally, the conditions are diverse according to the geographical regions in question. Likewise, they differ in symptoms and modes of transmission. Recently, there is a new rise in rectal sexual transmission of diseases.

Mostly, bacteria pass from the secretion of the infected penis into the rectum. The risk is open to men who have anal sex with their women partners, but the prevalence is higher in homosexuals. This is due to constant engagement in anal sex. Though gonorrhea is most common in the heterosexual organs, the emergence of anal Gonorrhea is raising medical concerns.

Read More: Gonorrhea Symptoms

Analysis

The gonococcus bacterium is dangerous in many parts of the body. In preference, it infects the parts that are close in contact with sexual fluids. These include the oral, vaginal, and anal organs. In women, the infection is less since most of them contract the disease through the vagina. In some cases, the vaginal discharge may find its way to the anus due to the two organs’ proximity. The argument is different in men since the only way of sex between two men is through the anus.

Read More: Gonorrhea in Ghana

On average, the incubation window period after infection is about 2 to 7 days. Depending on individuals, some clinical manifestations can take more days than a week, but not more than two weeks. The indications are homogeneous in both men and women. Some of those include painful itching in and around the rectum opening, blood, and pus discharge. This makes it difficult for the victim to have proper functionalities in the bowels.

Testing

In the first place, anyone who suspects any risky of exposure to gonorrhea should go for medical testing. At the clinic, the doctor may opt for a sigmoidoscopic examination. A little camera goes into the rectum to detect any sore ulcers. The doctor can take samples from the anal fluids for testing. And lastly, you can have a self-examination at home using a specialized medical kit.

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Treatment

It is wise for both partners to seek screening and treatment at the earliest convenient time. This helps contain the spread of the bacteria from further damage. If there is a delay in medication, several conditions may occur. In both men and women, the spread can cause damage to the reproductive organs and fertility.

When the infecting bacteria get to the bloodstream, it spreads to other parts of the body. Fatal brain and nervous complications like meningitis and arthritis may manifest.

The regular medication of anal gonorrhea is by antibiotics. But any delay for treatment complicates the treatment procedure. Doctors recommend that you have screening after the medication period. This ensures a medical confirmation that the disease is over.

Read More: Gonorrhea Diagnosis and Testing

References

https://sti.bmj.com/content/81/4/287

https://www.avert.org/sex-stis/sexually-transmitted-infections/gonorrhoea

https://wellcomeopenresearch.org/articles/4-79

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