How the Throat Becomes a “Silent Vessel” for Gonorrhea?

How the Throat Becomes a "Silent Vessel" for Gonorrhoea Image

Our throat harbors countless bacteria. Of course, the majority of them are harmless, yet there are one particular bacteria in the throat, and it’s far from harmless – that one is gonorrhea. 

According to WHO (the World Health Organization), for the last couple of years, more and more people have been infected by it, predominantly in the African region

Just a few years ago, 2.2 million people were registered to have gonorrhea, 850,000 of which received treatment, statistics show.  In 2018, just a year after the statistics were published, the gonorrhea prevalence rate for East and South Africa went up to 1.7%. 

Researchers say, vaginal and anal intercourse is not the only reason behind the increase in gonorrhea infections – oral sex is as well. In fact, the throat is like a “silent vessel” for gonorrhea. For anyone infected with this STD, it’s easy to transmit the infection via oral sex. 

What Makes the Throat a “Silent Vessel”?

Compared to just a decade ago, gonorrhea was much easier to deal with. But, with the constant increase in numbers, particularly in Africa, the infection has become a more troublesome one. Now, it’s resistant to older drugs. 

When it comes to the throat, there is one particular problem. Oral gonorrhea is a lot more difficult to treat and detect. Since the throat contains plenty of other bacteria, the infection can pick up a resistance to drug treatments straight from these bacteria. Once the resistance starts to manifest, Gonorrhea can easily pass it on during intercourse and oral sex. Here is why. 

When you expose the body to drugs, whether it is to treat an infection or an illness, all the bacteria in the throat will be exposed to it. The more you take the drugs/antibiotics, the higher the chance of them boosting the bacteria resistance, making the treating process a lot more difficult to complete. 

How Do the Gonorrhea Infiltrate the Throat?

This whole process begins with tiny DNA molecules that rely on plasmids. All the genetic material of the bacteria are inside these molecules. When the plasmids are in close proximity to another similar plasmid, they become very easy to transmit. 

If the primary plasmid already has genes resistant to drugs, gonorrhea will also obtain these properties. At the moment, 30% of gonorrhea infections have high-resistance to drugs. The sole reason for that is the genes. 

Why Is This a Problem?

Not everyone in the sub-Saharan African region uses condoms, particularly during oral sex. The main concern is that if the infection is not stopped on time, it will be a lot more difficult to treat correctly. The longer it manifests in the throat, the harder it will be to manage, stated Dr. Michel Mullen for Independent. 

This is not just a problem for Africa, but for the world as well. More than 78 million globally get infected with gonorrhea. Recently, the numbers have been rising, and there is no sign they will stop anytime soon. 

Since proper treatment and preventive measures are expensive for poorer regions, like the African continent, the infection has become more problematic. The exact same problem is registered in Canada, South America, India, China, the U.S., and Indonesia as well. 

Why Is Early Diagnosis Important?

Proper on-time treatment, makes the infection a lot easier to control. The bacteria is less likely to become drug-resistant, and if it does, the treatment can be changed to better suit the body’s needs. To get diagnosed, all it takes is an oral sample taken from the affected area. That sample is then transported to a lab to see whether or not someone carries an infection. 

What Happens If You Avoid Treatment?

Oral Gonorrhea can and will spread to the genitals. This can result in discomfort, pain, and plenty of other issues, like infertility, inflammatory conditions, and more. 

For women, this is a tremendous burden. Bringing a healthy child to this world means everything, but the longer the infection is left to manifest in the system, the more difficult it becomes to give birth to a healthy child. If the infection progresses to a higher extend, doctors can suggest “off-label” meds to provide the much-needed relief. 

Luckily, this infection is treatable, but early detection and adequate treatment is the key to making it work. This is very important for a healthy life. 

References

https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/gonorrhea-throat-oral-sex-std-sexual-health-science-a7870456.html

https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/sexually-transmitted-diseases

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0205863

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5828349/

https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/gonorrhea-throat-oral-sex-std-sexual-health-science-a7870456.html

STDs Symptoms in Men

STDs Symptoms in Men Image

Various symptoms are expected to develop due to STDs, and it is important for every man to keep these symptoms in mind. That is why in the following article we will briefly discuss the most common STDs and their symptoms in men. 

The most common STDs and their symptoms in men

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a bacterial infection of the genital tract that can be transmitted through vaginal, anal, and oral unprotected sex. Chlamydia usually goes unnoticed there are very few to no symptoms showing. In fact, it has been estimated that around 25-50% of the male patients with Chlamydia experience no symptoms whatsoever. And the ones that do, usually struggle with:

  • Swollen testicles
  • Painful urination
  • Penile discharge

The good news is that Chlamydia is easily treated with the use of antibiotics. However, repetitive infections are possible and quite common, which is why past patients are advised towards protected sex and regular testing for Chlamydia. 

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

HPV is one of the most common STDs known to men and women all around the world. The most obvious reason to get infected with this difficult virus is of course, through unprotected sexual contact. Men who get infected with HPV usually do not develop any symptoms right away. Some of them might develop some symptoms months or years after the initial infection. The most characteristic symptom of HPV is genital warts which develop when oral or anal sex is listed as the main reason. Otherwise, oral warts are expected to develop.

When it comes to HPV, it is better to prevent it than to treat it. That is why there is a vaccine that anybody can get as a way to protect themselves against HPV. Of course, protected sex is another valid prevention method not only for HPV but for all STDs in general. HPV, if it does not show any symptoms, can resolve on its own without any treatment. However, if there are symptoms present, then you definitely need to visit your doctor.

Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is another bacterial infection that can be transmitted through vaginal, anal, and oral sex, thus affecting the urethra, anus, and throat. Gonorrhea in men rarely causes any symptoms to develop. However, when they do, the following symptoms are expected to develop:

  • Painful urination
  • White, yellow, or green penile discharge that usually occurs one to fourteen days after the individual has been infected with the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  • Pain that is felt in the testicles
  • Itching and soreness in the area of the anus
  • Bloody discharge from the anus
  • Skin rash
  • Painful, swollen glands in the throat

Gonorrhea is also treated with the use of antibiotics. Once again, past patients are advised towards safe, protected sex and regular testing. They also need to be explained the increasing rise of antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea, which will make treatment more difficult in the future.

Genital herpes

Herpes is an infection due to the hepatitis simplex virus (HSV). There are two types of hepatitis, of which type 2 is always transmitted through unprotected sex and leads to the development of genital hepatitis. The symptoms of genital herpes in men include:

  • Painful blisters in the genital area
  • Burning and tingling sensations around the blisters
  • Loss of appetite 
  • Muscle aches
  • Fever
  • Swollen lymph nodes

When it comes to herpes, there are some general methods that can be used to treat the momentary outbreak; however, future outbreaks are expected to happen. Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent any future outbreaks. 

AIDS 

AIDS is a life-threatening disease that is caused by an infection with the human immunodeficiency virus. HIV can be transmitted through a variety of ways, including unprotected sexual contact with a person infected with HIV or who is a carrier of HIV, contaminated needles, from mother to child during pregnancy, etc. This virus attacks your immune system, causing mild to more severe infections to develop in your body. Other than that, upon getting infected, there are some general symptoms that can be experienced including a sore throat, headaches, skin rash, fatigue, and swollen lymph nodes. It can take up to 10 years for the infection and disease themselves to be diagnosed. Prevention is key when it comes to AIDS and HIV.

The Benefits of an Early Diagnosis for STIs

The Benefits of an Early Diagnosis for STIs in Africa

More than 448 million people around the globe are infected with STIs. 110 million of those infected live in the sub-Saharan African region. That’s is almost a quarter of the entire population carrying these infections.

For many years now, sub-Saharan Africa has been dealing with a high prevalence of STIs. Syphilis, chlamydia, trich, herpes, and gonorrhea are a serious issue for Africa, with Gonorrhea having the highest prevalence in the southern region registered at 4.6%.

This infection, like all the others, is extremely common among the young population between the ages of 15 to 24. If these infections are left untreated, they will have a significant impact on the quality of life, reproductive system, and a child’s health.

So, why is early diagnosis important for treating these infections? Let’s take a look at why early detection and treatment are vital for those infected.

The Importance of an Early Diagnosis for STIs

Early diagnosis for STIs is the key to a successful prognosis for these infections. The sooner people get diagnosed, the better the chances of receiving medications for successful and quick treatment effects.

This, in fact, allows people to have a better opportunity in treating these infections rather than transmitting them. An early diagnosis helps people live longer and reduces their chances of developing these infections later in life.

Detecting the STIs early on plays a crucial role in stopping the transmission of these infections to the unborn child or sexual partner. In certain cases, it might even save someone’s life.

By treating these infections on time, people can avoid:

  • Infertility
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Cervical cancer
  • Birth defects or pregnancy risks
  • Dementia
  • Organ damage
  • Stillbirth

If people do test positive for any STIs, no matter if it’s a parasitic, viral, or bacterial infection, it’s important that they seek treatment to avoid these health complications and live a healthy life.

Most STIs can be treated with simple medications, but if left untreated, they can result in HIV or AIDS. However, AIDS/HIV will require different drugs to suppress the virus rather than to eliminate it.

Why Do People in Africa Have the Highest Prevalence in STIs?

Even though many developing countries, particularly in the African region, do have access to screening equipment for STIs, these infections still remain a major problem for the entire population.

Africa has inadequate treatment and prevention gaps for controlling these infections. Because of the limited access to such treatments, many STIs remain undetected and untreated.

Also, due to the cultural stigma surrounding STIs, many infections remain undiagnosed, and people often don’t get adequate treatment.

If these STIs are not managed on-time, people are prone to developing an HIV infection and transmitting that infection.

Early diagnosis and treatment for STIs are vital

Early diagnosis and treatment for STIs are vital, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. To control the constant transmission, people need access to early screenings and proper antibiotics to treat these infections.

While Africa still remains the most infected region with sexually transmitted infections, it’s without a doubt, the most important area to address and increase awareness of this problem and to make screening options, diagnosis, and treatment available for the entire population.

References

https://sti.bmj.com/content/87/Suppl_2/ii10

https://sti.bmj.com/content/87/Suppl_2/ii19

https://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.1002511

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00054174.htm

https://www.washtenaw.org/1348/Benefits-of-HIV-STI-Testing

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-790X2011000300011&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en

Testing and Diagnosis of Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea information

Many people are at risk of gonococcal infections without their knowledge. Likewise, many carry the bacterium in their bodies without realizing it. Women are more resilient in tolerating the disease in their bodies than men. It is not clear why the disease can incubate in the host for a certain period without showing any signs of sickness. The risk is you may still be active and infecting others during this period. That is why it is highly necessary to have a culture of regular screening and testing.

Product: Right Sign Gonorrhea Test

Product: One Step Gonorrhea test

Vulnerable Groups

Though everyone is in danger of the infections, some persons are highly exposed to the disease. These include

  • Persons who have unsafe sex
  • Gay community
  • Lesbians
  • Persons with multiple sexual partners
  • Drug addicts sharing needles
  • Caregivers
  • If you suspect any risk exposure to the bacteria

Diagnosis of Gonorrhea

Testing for the disease can be in two areas. If you have any indication of gonorrhea symptoms, you can visit the hospital for checking. At the clinic, the doctor will start by inquiring about your sexual data. Then, why you think you should have a test. After the formalities, the doctor will proceed for a physical examination for any indications.

Gonorrhea testing depends on suspicion. There are four types of tests that you may have. These are testing for gonorrhea in the genitals, rectum, throat, and eye. Mostly, genital and anal testing is standard. The medical practitioner will collect samples from the affected area using a clinical swab. Some doctors will prefer a blood or urine sample. The laboratory test will single out any presence of the gonococcal bacteria. Depending on the outcome, the prescription will follow or not.

Some people prefer a home test kit for testing at their homes. This is available in most chemists and online platforms. The testing instructions are simple, and the results precise. If your results come back positive, then you can opt for a clinical confirmation.

Read More: Gonorreha Symptoms

Effects of Late Diagnosis

The late diagnosis of gonorrhea can cause severe damage to other body organs. Since it can take some time before it manifests in your body, you can quickly treat symptoms thinking of other ailments. Then the bacteria find a way into the bloodstream. This opportunistic disease goes into your liver, eyes, stomach, heart, and other vital organs.

Besides that, your reproductive organs will suffer irreparable damage. For women, you may experience loss of your fallopian tubes and uterus. In the case of pregnancy, you may have bouts of ectopic pregnancies or even pass the bacteria to the child. In men, your urethra may damage and end up with prostate malfunction. Other severe cases include loss of your testicles, erectile dysfunction, and getting HIV.

References

sahralth.sa.gov.au

Signs and Symptoms of Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea information

Gonorrhea is the most common venereal disease in the world. It is a bacteria that cause gonorrhea to transmit through unsafe sex or to come into contact with genital fluids, and this bacterium contain the disease. It is noteworthy, that women have a higher tolerance for the disease than men.

Therefore it is less likely for women to manifest signs of the disease than men, something you should keep in mind.

Vulnerable group

The vulnerable group in this instance is persons with exposure to unprotected sex, people with multiple sex partners, and furthermore drug addicts sharing intravenous needles.

These persons should have regular gonorrhea tests to contain any possible infection.

Clinical Signs in Men

The signs of the disease in men and women differ due to the difference in anatomy and tolerance.

In men, the symptoms may come after a few weeks of infection, and pain while urinating, and is a clear indication of gonorrhea. But should not be the decider of diagnosis. After some time, other manifestations come out.

Symptoms in men

  • Constant urge to urinate
  • Milky pus oozing from the penis
  • Inflammation of the testicles
  • Painful swelling of the penis
  • Redness color of the penis
  • And sometimes a sore throat

Clinical Signs in Women

Women have a low manifestation of the disease, because it is common for women to have urinary tract illnesses. Therefore, when the symptoms of gonorrhea come out, women can easily confuse it with vaginal yeast and other several bacterial infections, common to women. Nevertheless, the common gonorrhea symptoms are:

  • Unusual vaginal discharge
  • Constant urge to urinate
  • Pain or itchy feeling when urinating
  • Heavy menses
  • Fever
  • Pelvic pain
  • Sore throat
  • Pain when having sex

Read More: Gonorrhea general information

Gonorrhea in Other Parts of the Body

If you do go not seek treatment, the bacteria may spread to infect other body parts. Primarily, gonorrhea attacks any body part with a mucous membrane. Some of those include the rectum the throat, and the eyes.

The Rectum

Cases of spreading of gonorrhea through anal sex are rampant, and you should not ignore the risk. The riskof getting gonorrhea is more common in gay communities and heterosexuals engaging in anal sex. Symptoms of anal gonorrhea include:

  • Pain in the anus
  • Itchy feeling around the anus
  • Inflammation in the rectum

Read More: Gonorrhea in the Anus and Rectum

Throat

Practicing oral sex with a person infected with gonorrhea is an exposure to the disease. The gonococcal bacterium can infect your throat through the saliva, and many of the symptoms resemble common fever, cold and the flu. When this happens, your body displays these signs:

  • Fever
  • Swelling of your lymph glands
  • Sore and hoarse throat
  • Fever and headaches

The Eye

The contact of the gonococcal bacterium with the eyes brings about gonorrhea of the eye. It is not common, yet the most damaging. The disease damages the cornea and optical nerves, thus causing blindness. Some of the signs are:

  • Redness of the eye
  • Thick sticky discharge from the eye
  • Poor vision

Read More: Gonorrhea in the Eye

Read More: Testing and Diagnosis of Gonorrhea

References

https://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12879-019-4035-y

https://www.gardp.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/STI_Gonorrhea_Strategy_Proposal.pdf

Information about Home Test for Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea information

Gonorrhea can be fatal if you do not contain it early enough. The bacterium that causes the disease finds its way into the blood and attacks other vital body organs. This leaves you with a multiple of different conditions to deal with. Thus there is a need for early screening and treatment of the bacteria.

The available data show that most of the clinical records have few precise accounts. This is due to the stigma that follows people with the disease. Mostly in Africa, people shy away from the clinical testing for fear of being singled out. This is the reason why we should encourage more home test kits for individuals. Again, there should be available drugs just in case people come forward for treatment.

Home Testing of Gonorrhea

The available home testing kits are easy to follow with simple instructions. While the laboratory tests take about one or two days, the home test procedure takes a mere 15 minutes. If you follow the instructions in maintain good hygiene and take good samples, you will have precise results.

Product: Gonorrhea Test

Women and men have different biological anatomies. This makes the difference in the taking of samples. Sometimes, you may take urine samples instead of the genital tissues. The kit comes with a swab, test tube, two solutions, and a diagnosis cartridge.

Women Specimen Sampling

Take the swab and insert it into the vagina. Genital sampling seems to favor better results than urine. Once in the vagina, rotate and rub the swab on the vaginal lining walls for the collection of tissues. Once you do it for about ten seconds, pull the swab out. Put the first solution A into the test tube. After putting the swab samples into the test tube, add drops of the other solution B. Close the test tube and shake it for about ten seconds.

Men Specimen Sampling

Take the swab and insert it into the urethra opening. Gently rotate it around the inner lining. This ensures the cell tissues come out with swabs. After introducing the first solution into the test tube, add the sample from the swab. Similarly, after the specimen, drop in the second solution and close the test tube. Shake it for about ten seconds.

Final Diagnosis

The last part of the procedure is basic to both men and women. After shaking the test tube, introduce the mixture into the diagnosing cartridge. This will screen the sample for about twenty minutes. Then the results will be out. Double lines mean that you are positive. On the other hand, a single line shows that you are negative. This is an easy way of beating the stigmatization in most clinics and society.

Read More: Testing and Diagnosis Gonorrhea

Read More: Gonorrhea Symptoms

Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea information

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease, caused by the Neisseria Gonorrhea bacterium. Every year, approximately 11.4 million people are infected by this disease in Africa.

Gonorrhea is transmitted through any form of unprotected sexual intercourse – vaginal, anal, or oral. In addition to unprotected sex, a study in Ghana found that alcohol usage can also increase your chances of getting infected.

Read More: Gonorrhea in Ghana

Symptoms of Gonorrhea

Symptoms of a gonococcal infection begin to appear after two to seven days. It’s essential to note that symptoms of this infection can differ between men ad women.

While most men do experience symptoms of the disease, a significant portion of women does not. This can lead to late diagnosis in women.

Thus, it’s vital to keep a lookout for symptoms of the disease, especially after unprotected sex.

Here are some of the symptoms of Gonorrhea:

  • Yellow-green discharge
  • Burning sensation or pain when urinating
  • Abdominal pain

Women may also experience some irregular bleeding between their periods. Similarly, men may experience swelling of the testicles or a sore penis.

Read More: Gonorrhea symptoms

Read More: Signs and symptoms of Gonorrhea

Complications

As we mentioned before, symptoms of Gonorrhea are less obvious in women. This makes the infection harder to detect and means that it can go untreated. If Gonorrhea in women is not treated in time, it can put women at risk of developing Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID).

PID occurs in around 15% of cases when the infection spreads to the fallopian tubes, uterus, and ovaries. PID itself is a painful condition that requires separate treatment. However, it can also lead to more severe complications such as infertility and ectopic pregnancies.

Hence, it’s vital for women to take precautions when they have unprotected sex or switch sexual partners frequently. Having protected sex is the safest way to ensure you’re not at risk of catching an STD.

Read more: All you need to know about STD’s in Africa

In men, complications of Gonorrhea are uncommon. Primarily this is because it’s easy to detect the infection in men, who can then seek treatment in time.

In case the infection goes untreated, it can spread to the prostate and testicles, which is quite painful. The spread of the infection can also block the urine passageway, causing damage to the kidneys.

Diagnosis

Luckily, the procedure of diagnosing Gonorrhea is easy. Once you book a doctor’s appointment, your doctor will take a sample to test for the infection. It’s also common for your doctor to take extra precautions and test for chlamydia as well. This is because chlamydia is often transmitted alongside Gonorrhea.

Product: Right Sign Gonorrhea Test

Product: One Step Gonorrhea Test

If you don’t have the time to go to your doctor, you can also take at-home tests for both Gonorrhea and chlamydia. These are easy to use, and you can get results quickly, no need to anxiously wait for hospital results!

Product: 4-in-1 STD Test Bundle

Read More: Testing and Diagnosis of Gonorrhea

Treatment

If you are diagnosed with Gonorrhea, you can treat it through medicine prescribed to you by your doctor. It is essential that you don’t self-prescribe any medicine, especially because there are new strains of antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea in regions such as Ghana.

While Gonorrhea is treatable, it can be tricky to detect. If left untreated, it can cause some complications as well. Thus, it’s important to take the necessary precautions and practice safe sex.

Read More: Gonorrhea Treatment 

References:

https://bit.ly/2CSNUCM

https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/07-07-2017-antibiotic-resistant-gonorrhoea-on-the-rise-new-drugs-needed

Gonorrhea in the Eye

Gonorrhea information

The terminology Gonorrhea is widely known to be a venereal disease. Few people know that is can affect other parts of the body. Ideally, it is a sexual disease that passes from one person to another through sexual interaction. It may be through oral, vaginal, or anal sex. Adults are more at risk of the disease through their sexual activities.

Read More: Gonorrhea in Ghana

However, it is also common for women to pass the Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria to the baby during pregnancy or at childbirth. The emergence of gonorrhea in parts of the eye is an alarming case. Failure to detect it leads to blindness, through the gradual damaging of the cornea and optical nerves.

Read More: Gonorrhea Symptoms 

Analysis

The spread of the gonorrhea bacteria can cause defects in other body parts. But the optical gonorrhea is hardly through the bloodstream. The eye gets infected through contact with bacterial fluids. Mostly, it comes from touching your eyes with hands contaminated with the bacteria. 

The clinical manifestations vary from one person to the other. But when you are most likely to have gonorrhea of the eye if you exhibit signs of conjunctivitis like

  • Constant itching of the eyes and pain
  • Stinging inflammation and redness 
  • The sticky yellowish liquid that tends to bind the eyelids
  • Poor vision due to soreness

If the infection comes from your system, then you will have the conventional clinical signs of genital gonorrhea like

  • The swelling of lymph nodes next to the ears
  • Genital discharge in both men and women
  • Pain, itching, and inflammation of the genitals
  • Discomfort while passing urine

Testing and Treatment

The doctor will take clinical samples for laboratory analysis from the affected eyes. Other tests include fluid samples from the throat, genitals, and rectum. This is to ascertain if it is indeed gonorrhea. If the results come in affirmative, the doctor will recommend antibiotics and eye gels for a specified period. Though home testing kits are available, it is highly advisable to go for expert medical practitioners.

Read More: Gonorrhea Treatment

Read More: Testing and Diagnosis of Gonorrhea

Product: Gonorrhea Test 

Prevention

The best way to avoid gonorrhea is to abstain from sex and STDs. Nevertheless, you may still contract it through body contact with unclean hands. If you shake hands containing the gonococcal bacteria and touch your eye, the bacteria will infect your eye. As far as you are concerned, practice safe sex and observe a high standard of hygiene afterward.

Few women show any signs of the disease during the window period. Regular screening helps in addressing the infection before spreading to other parts. Equally, men should have periodical screening to be safe. This is for those who have regular unprotected sex. 

The last group is pregnant women. Many newborn babies contract the disease at the delivery time. It is suitable for expectant mothers to abstain from sex or have regular screening to deter the mother to infant transmission.

Read More: Gonorrhea Overview 

References

https://www.msdmanuals.com/home/eye-disorders/conjunctival-and-scleral-disorders/infectious-conjunctivitis

https://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.1002511

Gonorrhea in the Anus and Rectum

Gonorrhea information

The prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases globally is high. Generally, the conditions are diverse according to the geographical regions in question. Likewise, they differ in symptoms and modes of transmission. Recently, there is a new rise in rectal sexual transmission of diseases.

Mostly, bacteria pass from the secretion of the infected penis into the rectum. The risk is open to men who have anal sex with their women partners, but the prevalence is higher in homosexuals. This is due to constant engagement in anal sex. Though gonorrhea is most common in the heterosexual organs, the emergence of anal Gonorrhea is raising medical concerns.

Read More: Gonorrhea Symptoms

Analysis

The gonococcus bacterium is dangerous in many parts of the body. In preference, it infects the parts that are close in contact with sexual fluids. These include the oral, vaginal, and anal organs. In women, the infection is less since most of them contract the disease through the vagina. In some cases, the vaginal discharge may find its way to the anus due to the two organs’ proximity. The argument is different in men since the only way of sex between two men is through the anus.

Read More: Gonorrhea in Ghana

On average, the incubation window period after infection is about 2 to 7 days. Depending on individuals, some clinical manifestations can take more days than a week, but not more than two weeks. The indications are homogeneous in both men and women. Some of those include painful itching in and around the rectum opening, blood, and pus discharge. This makes it difficult for the victim to have proper functionalities in the bowels.

Testing

In the first place, anyone who suspects any risky of exposure to gonorrhea should go for medical testing. At the clinic, the doctor may opt for a sigmoidoscopic examination. A little camera goes into the rectum to detect any sore ulcers. The doctor can take samples from the anal fluids for testing. And lastly, you can have a self-examination at home using a specialized medical kit.

Product: Right Sign Gonorrhea Test

Product: One Step Gonorrhea Test

Treatment

It is wise for both partners to seek screening and treatment at the earliest convenient time. This helps contain the spread of the bacteria from further damage. If there is a delay in medication, several conditions may occur. In both men and women, the spread can cause damage to the reproductive organs and fertility.

When the infecting bacteria get to the bloodstream, it spreads to other parts of the body. Fatal brain and nervous complications like meningitis and arthritis may manifest.

The regular medication of anal gonorrhea is by antibiotics. But any delay for treatment complicates the treatment procedure. Doctors recommend that you have screening after the medication period. This ensures a medical confirmation that the disease is over.

Read More: Gonorrhea Diagnosis and Testing

References

https://sti.bmj.com/content/81/4/287

https://www.avert.org/sex-stis/sexually-transmitted-infections/gonorrhoea

https://wellcomeopenresearch.org/articles/4-79

The Use of Home Tests for Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea information

Each year, there are more and more Gonorrhea cases, and even worse, there are more cases where Gonorrhea has led to terrifying health issues. And yet, practicing safe sex and getting tested for Gonorrhea and any other STDs seem to be a lot difficult for the people of Ghana.

Because this is a topic like many others that people do not like to talk about, people lack the knowledge that they need to protect themselves against these difficult diseases or even get tested and treated in time. Today, we explore the importance of home tests as an alternative to the tests that are done at the medical facilities. Are the home tests an effective way to get your condition diagnosed?

Product: STD 4-in-1 Test Kit Bundle

Product: One Step Test Kit bundle

What is Gonorrhea?

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacterial infection with the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It is transmitted through unprotected oral, vaginal, or anal sex. Gonorrhea can also be transmitted during pregnancy and delivery. The best way to protect yourself against Gonorrhea and any other sexually transmitted disease is always to use a proper contraceptive – preferably a latex condom. The number of new Gonorrhea cases grows each year.

Read More: Gonorrhea

According to the latest research, back in 2017 in Ghana, the prevalence of Gonorrhea cases was 6.6% within women, and 3.5% within men. Left untreated, Gonorrhea leads to infertility, damage to the heart muscle, pelvic inflammatory disease, inflammation to the lining of the brain and/or spinal cord, ectopic pregnancy, etc. Gonorrhea is treated using antibiotics and abstaining from sex to prevent the infection from spreading.

Read More: Gonorrhea in Ghana

What are the symptoms of Gonorrhea?

The first symptoms of Gonorrhea are expected to occur within two weeks after exposure. There are also certain individuals that do not develop any noticeable symptoms at the beginning of the infection. They pose a great threat since unaware, and they can easily spread the infection to another partner with whom they engage in unprotected sex.

Read More: Signs and Symptoms of Gonorrhea

The first symptom in men is usually a burning/painful sensation during urination. Further symptoms include swelling of the testicles, swelling and redness of the opening of the penis, increased frequency of urination, and white, yellow, or greenish discharge of the penis.

Among women, the symptoms usually include a watery, greenish discharge from the vagina along with heavier periods, painful or burning sensation during urination, pain during sexual intercourse, fever, etc.

Read More: Gonorrhea Symptoms

Why get tested for Gonorrhea?

Testing for Gonorrhea will help protect you from the harmful risks that are to come with this bacterial infection. It will also help prevent it from spreading to any other individuals with whom you would engage in unprotected sexual intercourse of any kind.

Product: Gonorrhea Private Test

Read More: One Step Gonorrhea Test

All adults that are sexually active are advised to test for Gonorrhea and other STDs, at least once a year or more, depending on their lifestyle. Please do get tested for Gonorrhea as soon as possible if:

  • You engage in unprotected sex;
  • You have multiple sexual partners;
  • You engage in unprotected sex with a person who has present Gonorrhea symptoms;
  • You are a man who engages in sex with other men;
  • You have had Gonorrhea before;
  • You are pregnant;
  • You have other STDs;
  • You are experiencing any Gonorrhea symptoms.

Read More: Testing and Diagnosis of Gonorrhea

Why use a home test for Gonorrhea?

Because talking about STDs, including Gonorrhea, is considered to be a taboo in Ghana, but also because of the high Gonorrhea rates, the home test for Gonorrhea is the perfect solution. The home test for Gonorrhea allows you to check for any Gonorrhea signs before any symptoms have developed and helped protect yourself against any of the risks that this disease is known to carry with itself.

A home test is offering you a chance to find out if you have Gonorrhea while enjoying the privacy of your home. Although Gonorrhea testing, when done in a medical facility, is usually covered by medical insurance, sometimes there is no opportunity for this testing to take place, or simply many people feel more comfortable when they are doing this in privacy even if it costs more.

Gonorrhea is diagnosed by a urine sample and vaginal swap (for women), and this is the principle that the self-test providers follow as well. With the difference, that is, that the self-test is offering you privacy. You are still recommended to consult your doctor about your results.

How to use STD Test Kit

A self-test kit usually comes with either a vaginal swap or a urine sample. Rectal and throat swaps may be available, as well. You take your own sample following the provided instruction, which you will later send over to the laboratory. Usually, the results come after around 72 hours, notifying you if you have tested positive or negative for a Gonorrhea infection. Not to worry, the laboratory facilities are all certified; the tests are FDA-approved, and they all come in the most discreet packaging to ensure the highest privacy possible.

Read More: STD’s in Africa

Read More: Why it’s important to get tested

If you have tested positive, it is of vital importance that you inform your doctor and your partner with whom you have most recently engaged in sexual intercourse of any kind. If you have tested negative and still experience symptoms of any kind, you are still advised to consult your doctor in order to find out the cause for those symptoms.

So, what’s it all about?

Home tests are the answer to your prayers. Now you get to test and find out whether or not you are in need of treatment for Gonorrhea or not in just a couple of hours. Take the easy home test and send the sample; the results come after 72 hours with a low cost and high accuracy. Do not let Gonorrhea pose a threat to your health and to the health of your partner. Get yourself informed, get tested today!

Read More: Gonorrhea Treatment

References

https://www.cdc.gov/std/gonorrhea/stdfact-gonorrhea.htm

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0205863

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5354566/

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gonorrhea/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351780