How the Throat Becomes a “Silent Vessel” for Gonorrhea?

How the Throat Becomes a "Silent Vessel" for Gonorrhoea Image

Our throat harbors countless bacteria. Of course, the majority of them are harmless, yet there are one particular bacteria in the throat, and it’s far from harmless – that one is gonorrhea. 

According to WHO (the World Health Organization), for the last couple of years, more and more people have been infected by it, predominantly in the African region

Just a few years ago, 2.2 million people were registered to have gonorrhea, 850,000 of which received treatment, statistics show.  In 2018, just a year after the statistics were published, the gonorrhea prevalence rate for East and South Africa went up to 1.7%. 

Researchers say, vaginal and anal intercourse is not the only reason behind the increase in gonorrhea infections – oral sex is as well. In fact, the throat is like a “silent vessel” for gonorrhea. For anyone infected with this STD, it’s easy to transmit the infection via oral sex. 

What Makes the Throat a “Silent Vessel”?

Compared to just a decade ago, gonorrhea was much easier to deal with. But, with the constant increase in numbers, particularly in Africa, the infection has become a more troublesome one. Now, it’s resistant to older drugs. 

When it comes to the throat, there is one particular problem. Oral gonorrhea is a lot more difficult to treat and detect. Since the throat contains plenty of other bacteria, the infection can pick up a resistance to drug treatments straight from these bacteria. Once the resistance starts to manifest, Gonorrhea can easily pass it on during intercourse and oral sex. Here is why. 

When you expose the body to drugs, whether it is to treat an infection or an illness, all the bacteria in the throat will be exposed to it. The more you take the drugs/antibiotics, the higher the chance of them boosting the bacteria resistance, making the treating process a lot more difficult to complete. 

How Do the Gonorrhea Infiltrate the Throat?

This whole process begins with tiny DNA molecules that rely on plasmids. All the genetic material of the bacteria are inside these molecules. When the plasmids are in close proximity to another similar plasmid, they become very easy to transmit. 

If the primary plasmid already has genes resistant to drugs, gonorrhea will also obtain these properties. At the moment, 30% of gonorrhea infections have high-resistance to drugs. The sole reason for that is the genes. 

Why Is This a Problem?

Not everyone in the sub-Saharan African region uses condoms, particularly during oral sex. The main concern is that if the infection is not stopped on time, it will be a lot more difficult to treat correctly. The longer it manifests in the throat, the harder it will be to manage, stated Dr. Michel Mullen for Independent. 

This is not just a problem for Africa, but for the world as well. More than 78 million globally get infected with gonorrhea. Recently, the numbers have been rising, and there is no sign they will stop anytime soon. 

Since proper treatment and preventive measures are expensive for poorer regions, like the African continent, the infection has become more problematic. The exact same problem is registered in Canada, South America, India, China, the U.S., and Indonesia as well. 

Why Is Early Diagnosis Important?

Proper on-time treatment, makes the infection a lot easier to control. The bacteria is less likely to become drug-resistant, and if it does, the treatment can be changed to better suit the body’s needs. To get diagnosed, all it takes is an oral sample taken from the affected area. That sample is then transported to a lab to see whether or not someone carries an infection. 

What Happens If You Avoid Treatment?

Oral Gonorrhea can and will spread to the genitals. This can result in discomfort, pain, and plenty of other issues, like infertility, inflammatory conditions, and more. 

For women, this is a tremendous burden. Bringing a healthy child to this world means everything, but the longer the infection is left to manifest in the system, the more difficult it becomes to give birth to a healthy child. If the infection progresses to a higher extend, doctors can suggest “off-label” meds to provide the much-needed relief. 

Luckily, this infection is treatable, but early detection and adequate treatment is the key to making it work. This is very important for a healthy life. 

References

https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/gonorrhea-throat-oral-sex-std-sexual-health-science-a7870456.html

https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/sexually-transmitted-diseases

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0205863

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5828349/

https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/gonorrhea-throat-oral-sex-std-sexual-health-science-a7870456.html

Facts About Having Sex with Someone with HPV

Sexually Transmitted Human Papillomavirus (HPV) In Africa Image

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is very common, especially to sexually active people. In fact, around 80 percent of sexually active people will have such a virus at some point in their lives. But, the sad thing is that people who are infected with HPV don’t know that they have such a virus because it does not manifest any illnesses or symptoms.  

In fact, one out of four people in the US has HPV, which makes it become one of the most common types of Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD). Yes, HPV is prevalent, and it can eventually lead to various kinds of cancer, that’s why the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention prescribes that children ages 11 to 12 years old should be given HPV vaccine. 

Usually, HPV does not cause any health issues, and it just goes away on its own. But, if it doesn’t, then you may be at risk of various health problems such as cancer and genital warts. So even if a person has no signs of having an HPV, the virus will spread through vaginal, anal, or even oral sex. 

Here are the facts about having sex with someone with HPV

  • Using a condom can’t completely protect you from HPV

The risk of transmission of STD cannot be eliminated, but it can be reduced by using male latex condoms consistently and correctly.  But, the virus is possibly living in the hair-bearing areas of the genitals and in the scrotum. It means that the virus can be transmitted by skin-to-skin genital contact, as well as anal and oral sex. 

So, even if condoms are worn correctly, it is still not a guarantee that you can be protected against Human Papillomavirus. The virus can still infect the areas which are uncovered, which means that you are still at risk of getting HPV. 

It is suggested that aside from using condoms while having sexual intercourse, you can reduce your risk of Human Papillomavirus by limiting your partner. It is said that the more sexual partners you have, the greater the risk of having Human Papillomavirus. 

  • Having an HPV vaccine can’t treat the virus itself

Take note that the vaccine available for HPV is not to treat the virus, but to prevent the same. The sad news is that HPV infection has no treatment if there are no signs or symptoms. Doctors do not treat the virus; instead, it treats the health issues caused by Human Papillomavirus. 

For instance, a certain treatment can be used if genital warts appear. The doctor may recommend the patient to take medicine and apply medical creams to cure genital warts. Sometimes, doctors don’t want early treatment of warts because they usually go away on their own.  

Since one of the signs of Human Papillomavirus is anal cancer, you may be advised to undergo surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy. The kind of treatment for anal cancer depends on its stage according to the measurement of the tumor and the coverage of cancer. 

  • No cure for HPV infection

There is no way you can cure an HPV infection using antibiotics. Since HPV is a viral infection, you cannot treat the virus using anti-bacterial medications. As of now, there are no antiviral medicines that are scientifically proven to treat the virus. 

But then, there is a possibility that Human Papillomavirus can be cured once you have it with the help of your own immune system. And the signs and symptoms of the said virus can actually be treated using available medications. The safest thing to do is to be protected from the said virus by having a Human Papillomavirus. As they say, “Prevention is better than cure.” 

  • Not all HPV infections can lead to cancer

There are around 150 different types of HPV, and they are commonly considered as sexually transmitted infection in the US. Sometimes, HPV can cause warts on the different parts of the body. There are other types of Human Papillomavirus that cause cancer. 

Cervical cancer and oral cancer are two types of cancers which are linked to HPV. We already discussed that not all HPV could lead to cancer. Instead, Human Papillomavirus, which are considered as high-risk, will most likely lead to cancer. 

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), out of 100 kinds of Human Papillomavirus, around 14 of which are considered as high risks, which means that these are cancer-causing HPV. Believe it or not, cervical cancer is caused by a certain type of Human Papillomavirus, and it is one of the most common cancers suffered by women in less developed countries.  And around 311,000 women died because of cervical cancer. 

Drug-Resistant HIV on the Rise, WHO Warns

Drug-Resistant HIV on the Rise, WHO Warns Image

HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a retrovirus that infects the immune system’s cells and destroys or impairs their function. Although rates of HIV decreased worldwide, it is still prevalent. In fact, about 36.7 million people around the globe are living with HIV, but 17 million of them are receiving medicines called antiretroviral therapy (ART) to help manage the condition. Despite the wide prevalence, progress in diagnosing and treating is evident, which is why the latest news came as a shock to patients and healthcare professionals worldwide. Drug-resistant HIV is on the rise! To find out more, keep reading!

Drug-resistant HIV

The World Health Organization (WHO) released a report which warns about drug-resistant HIV, which only hinders the progress made so far regarding the treatment of this severe condition. 

The WHO HIV Drug Resistance Report 2017 surveyed 11 countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Of these, in 6 countries, the drug-resistant virus was reported: Argentina, Namibia, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Zimbabwe, and Uganda. The fastest increase in drug-resistant HIV is recorded in southern and eastern Africa. 

Shockingly, 10% of people starting the ART had a strain of HIV that was resistant to some of the most commonly used medications. Although you probably don’t find a 10% figure as such a threat, it is a big deal if we take into consideration millions of HIV patients worldwide. What’s more, once the threshold of 10% is reached, WHO immediately warns those countries to take necessary measures and urgently review their HIV treating programs. 

Drug resistance is a major problem worldwide

According to the WHO, antimicrobial drug resistance is nothing new. In fact, it is one of the growing challenges that healthcare professionals around the world face today. Viruses that are resistant to medications endanger global health and sustainable development. 

It is of huge importance to be proactive about this problem, particularly when it comes to drug-resistant HIV. The increasing rate of viruses that are resistant to medications prevents WHO and countries individually to end AIDS by 2030. 

Drug resistance to HIV occurs when patients do not follow the recommended treatment properly. Failing to adhere to the treatment plan isn’t about being irresponsible. In a vast majority of cases, patients do not have consistent access to necessary HIV treatment and care. 

Patients who develop drug-resistant HIV start to fail therapy, but they are also able to transmit this dangerous virus strain onto other people. As a result, HIV levels in their blood increase unless they make urgent changes in the treatment plan. The problem is that treatment becomes more expensive and difficult to obtain in countries with the highest HIV rates. 

Higher drug-resistance, more dangerous effects

HIV is dangerous as it is primarily because it affects our body’s ability to develop healthy immunity. A patient’s body is attacking itself. That’s what makes HIV is so severe. Scientists, doctors, and governments have worked hard to reduce HIV rates and develop medicines to help manage the condition. However, drug-resistance could induce more dangerous effects. 

Increasing resistance could lead to more infections and deaths. This would undermine the progress that has been made recently. Mathematical modeling reveals that 135,000 deaths and 105,000 new infections could occur in the next five years if no action is taken regarding drug-resistant HIV.

HIV is a potentially life-threatening condition that damages the immune system and interferes with the body’s ability to fight diseases, infections, viruses, and other threats. The infection can be transmitted from one person to another, and millions of people are infected. Science and medicine made significant advances in treating and preventing HIV, but WHO warns about increasing rates of drug-Resistant HIV. It usually occurs when patients don’t adhere to the recommended treatment. This happens due to limited resources and inconsistent access to the treatment plan.

References 

https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/statistics.html

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2017/hiv-drug-resistance/en/

http://time.com/4865443/drug-resistant-hiv-world-health-organization/

All What You Need To Know About Chlamydia

All What You Need To Know About Chlamydia Image

Chlamydia is defined as a sexually transmitted bacterial infection that affects both men and women. The condition is caused by bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis. Men can get this STI in their urethra (inside of the penis), throat, and rectum while women can develop it in the cervix, rectum, and throat. 

Both men and women get infected by the bacteria and develop this STI through sexual contact only i.e. during oral, anal, or vaginal sexual intercourse with a person who is infected too. People who have already had chlamydia in the past can get re-infected if they have unprotected sex. 

Signs and Symptoms to watch out for

As mentioned above, Chlamydia can be asymptomatic, but in some cases, patients do experience different symptoms. Signs and symptoms of chlamydia appear within five to ten days after contracting the infection. 

Symptoms of Chlamydia in women are:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Bleeding during sex
  • Burning sensation while urinating
  • Frequent need to urinate and discomfort while urinating 
  • Low-grade fever
  • Painful sexual intercourse 
  • Swelling in the vagina or around the anus 
  • Vaginal discharge in large quantities appears yellow with bad odor

Signs and symptoms of Chlamydia in men are:

  • Tender and swollen testicles 
  • Penile discharge (milky, watery, or pus)
  • Burning sensation and pain while urinating 
  • Itching and burning around the opening of the penis

Consequences of having Chlamydia 

Chlamydia is associated with a number of complications including a higher risk of getting other STDs. In addition, Chlamydia can cause obstruction and scarring in the fallopian tubes, which could make female patients infertile. 

Chlamydia is also associated with: 

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes that cause fever and pelvic pain. Severe PIDs may require hospitalization. 
  • Prostatitis – men can deal with complications of Chlamydia too. For example, the infection can spread to the prostate gland and cause prostatitis which is indicated by symptoms such as lower back pain, fever and chills, painful urination, pain during sexual intercourse, and others.
  • Epididymitis – Chlamydia can affect epididymis (coiled tube beside each testicle) and cause infection.
  • Reactive arthritis – It’s also important to mention that people who have Chlamydia are at a higher risk of developing reactive arthritis or Reiter’s syndrome. Reactive arthritis usually affects joints, urethra, and eyes
  • Infections in newborns – pregnant women with Chlamydia may spread the infection to their baby too which can lead to eye infection and pneumonia 

When to see the doctor

If you’re a sexually active man or woman, it’s strongly recommended to see your doctor and get tested once a year. This is particularly important for women who are younger than 25 and people with multiple sex partners and who tend to engage in unprotected intercourse. Of course, it’s useful to consult the doctor if you suspect that you have Chlamydia and in case you experience the above-mentioned symptoms.

What further testing to do to check for ailments related to Chlamydia 

Due to a number of complications associated with Chlamydia, further tests may be useful. For example:

  • Ultrasound for diagnosis of PID
  • A laparoscopy that allows the doctor to view your pelvic organs
  • Blood tests for PID, prostatitis 
  • Imaging tests (CT scan, x-ray)

Is Your Penis Healthy? These Tips Will Help You Make Sure It is!

Is Your Penis Healthy? These Tips Will Help You Make Sure It is! Image

Today, we want to focus on the male body and talk about some penis health tips that will help any man concerned about the wellbeing of his penis keep it in top shape, while also ensuring he is able to perform like a “real man” during sex. 

1. Focus On Regular Physical Exercise

For any man looking for the answer to how to grow your penis size naturally, frequently participating in physical activity should be amongst the top solutions. Exercise is good for the human body – this is a fact that everyone should know by now. A sedentary lifestyle has many risks that it impairs on a man’s life, but regular exercise can beat these risks and even provide the man with several health benefits. Healthline explains that regular exercise helps you lose weight, building muscle, boost energy levels and even improve mental wellbeing. Additionally, physical exercise is also good for heart health and blood circulation. These elements are important for maintaining a working penis that is able to become erect, as well as for ensuring you are able to last long during sex without becoming too tired to go on. 

2. Eat A Healthy, Balanced Diet

To get a healthy penis that works well during sex, exercise should be a top priority, but so should a healthy and balanced diet be. What you eat on a daily basis has a significant impact on the wellbeing of your entire body – and not only does an unhealthy diet cause you to gain weight and feel sickly all the time, but it can also have detrimental effects on your penis. Ultimately, you should craft a diet that includes a combination of different foods to ensure you gain all the essential nutrients, and avoid consuming too much sugar, sodium and refined products, such as refined oils. Health.com reports that strawberries, avocados, almonds, sweet potatoes, sesame seeds, and watermelon as especially good for maintaining a healthy sex life. 

3. Do Your Daily Kegel Routine

Kegel exercises might, at first gland, seem like one of those unrealistic words that get picked up and suddenly explodes on the internet, but there is actually scientific evidence behind the effectiveness of these exercises for men. If you are looking for the answer to the age-old question how to make your penis strong and hard, then Kegels might be perfect for you. While originally created for women, Kegels have become very popular amongst men, especially for their effectiveness in improving the angle of an erection and, in some men, improving erectile strength. Medicine Net explains that these exercises also help men who experience the symptoms of certain sexual dysfunctions, such as premature ejaculation.

4. Have Sex, It’s Good For You!

To keep the penis healthy, a man should keep his penis happy. One of the primary uses for the penis is sex – and sex is actually really good for you. Apart from boosting your libido and helping you improve your abilities in the bedroom, WebMD explains that regular sex also counts as a form of exercise, assists with alleviating pain, maintains a strong immune system and also helps to reduce the risk of prostate cancer. Sex also helps to stimulate libido, which makes a man more likely to participate in more sex – yes, sex equals more sex. 

5. Watch Your Weight

Obesity is a growing concern for the entire world’s population. Currently, over a third of the adult population in just the United States are obese, as reported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Obesity is known to greatly contribute to a number of deadly diseases, including heart disease, diabetes, cancer, gastrointestinal disorders, and even mental illnesses. Additionally, obesity also plays a big part in a man’s sexual health – both directly and indirectly through this serious health condition causes a man to experience. 

How Fear Inhibits HIV Testing and Treatment in African Men

How Fear Inhibits HIV Testing and Treatment in African Men Image

HIV is a potentially life-threatening virus that damages the immune system, causing a disease known as AIDS to develop. It is through unprotected sexual intercourse – including oral, vaginal, and anal that this dangerous virus is being transmitted from one person to another. 

Although HIV is spread all around the world, affecting roughly 34 million people, it seems that Africa is one of the countries with the highest incidence where around 69% of the infected people live. And unfortunately, children are not spared of this horrible disease as well. 91% of infected children with HIV/AIDS are thought to live in Africa

Fear prevents African men from getting tested and treated for HIV

Although for the longest time now, the lack of knowledge has been linked as a contributing factor to the continuous spread of HIV in Africa, it seems that there is an even bigger factor to be considered. We are talking about fear. But when we mention fear, we do not mean fear of the disease itself, but fear of how these people would be treated by other people in their society once they are diagnosed with HIV/AIDS.

A new study published in 2019 in PLoS One has demonstrated the influence of fear upon the decision-making process to get tested and properly treated. The focus of the study has been men and how the feeling of fear influences them in a scenario where they would have to get tested for HIV and then treated if needed. Multiple interviews and surveys with 227 African men have been conducted to gather enough data on the topic.

The men were later divided into three groups – men who were unaware of their HIV status, men who were aware of being HIV positive but not getting any treatment, and men who were aware of their status of being HIV positive and getting properly treated. It was discovered that many men tend to hide their positive HIV status and with that trying to preserve the image that they have created for themselves and are showing to the people in their surrounding environment.

It seems that the men living in Cote d’Ivoire, Africa, are afraid to get tested for HIV, contributing to the continuous spread of this disease. The source of their fear is the fact that HIV/AIDS is still considered to be a stigma in Africa and often being linked to feelings of shame and fear, thus resulting in a lack of much-needed action. It seems that the African men fear that their HIV positive status will interfere and lower their masculinity and, therefore, their ability to form and support their families, work, and actively engage in their society. 

References

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4924471/

http://files.unaids.org/en/media/unaids/contentassets/documents/epidemiology/2012/gr2012/20121120_FactSheet_Global_en.pdf

https://www.dosomething.org/us/facts/11-facts-about-hiv-africa

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6808548/

Can STD Cause a Man Not to Get Erection?

Can STD Cause a Man Not to Get Erection? Image

Getting an erection can mean life and death to a man. When you cannot get your penile functions in order, other triggers set in your life, you may suffer low self-esteem and get a severe erectile dysfunction. Out of the several things that may cause erectile dysfunction, today, we will look at the effect of sexually transmitted diseases. Can a sexually transmitted disease cause a man not to get hard? We will endeavor to get to the bottom of it.

What is an erection?

It is the hardening of the penis when a man gets arousal ready for sex. It is sometimes known as getting hard. When a man gets arousal, the body pumps blood into the penile arteries. The blood inflates the penis and expands its size. In the process, the penile tissues become harder than usual to effect good penetration during intercourse. Apart from the blood, the prostate gland also aids in the sexual functions of a man. It helps control the ejaculation and control of the bladder during sex.

Sexually transmitted diseases

These are diseases that pass over from one person to another through sexual intercourse. They first manifest in and around the genitals. Later they may affect the other body organs depending on the type of bacteria or virus. The most common sexually transmitted diseases are viral and bacterial. They include human papillomavirus, HIV, herpes, and hepatitis. The bacterial infections are syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea. Whereas the viral infections attack the other body parts, the bacterial infections stay in the genitals. They tend to attack organs that aid the reproductive system of a man.

It is difficult to know if you have an infection until the clinical manifestations occur. The symptoms of most bacterial infections appear around the genitals. They include rashes, penile discharge, painful urinating, and blockage of the scrotum passages. It usually takes about four days for the initial signs to appear. By this time, the damage of the organs is already ongoing. With a proper diagnosis, the infections can be reversed completely.

Erectile dysfunction

If you do not get a quick diagnosis and treatment, the damage can be severe. Since the symptoms become evident after days, the organs usually suffer damage without your knowledge. Thus get proper treatment from a doctor. After the treatment, go back for checkups to confirm that all the organs are in order. If the confirmation comes early enough, the reproductive organs will be safe from damage. 

Sexually transmitted diseases and the prostate

The prostate gland is responsible for some functions of the penis during the process of sexual arousal. When you get a sexually transmitted bacterial disease, the infection can get to the prostate. In fact, the bacteria gain access to the prostate through the bloodstream. As the prostate gland becomes weaker, so does your reproductive system. The prevalent sexual infections that damage the prostate are chlamydia and gonorrhea.

With a defective prostate, you will gradually decrease your erection strength. Infections in the urinary tract and blockages in the scrotum may lead to painful erections. It, in turn, inhibits your urge for sex. Physically, you will be getting less and less stronger erections until the body loses its sex drive. It is good that once you get a sexually transmitted disease infection, see a doctor immediately. Discuss with your doctor the implications of the secondary infections to other body organs. If possible, get the medication of the secondary infections. 

Remedies for sexually transmitted disease erectile dysfunction

When you do not get an erection due to a sexually transmitted disease, you need to see a doctor. The apparent concern should be secondary damage affecting your penile functions. The doctor should be able to diagnose if the damage is curable through simple medication or surgery. Whichever the case, discuss all the repercussions with your doctor. When the urologist discovers the root cause, the treatment should start immediately. The longer you stay with your problem, the more damage happens to your sexual organs.

Another avenue to address the lack of getting hard after a sexual infection is talking to your partner. Most likely, your partner harbors a concern about your condition. Since men do not like to talk about it, women also tend not to hurt the masculine ego. Initiating a dialogue will help you get better psychologically. 

It is almost a taboo to talk about having a sexually transmitted infection. The silence gives room for the victim to continue suffering without medication. People opt for over the counter self-medication. That may treat the symptoms but leave any other underlying secondary infections. Indeed, a sexually transmitted disease can cause you not to get Erection. But with proper medical attention, you can get out of the erectile dysfunction.

References

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/322048

https://www.healthline.com/health/erectile-dysfunction/can-chlamydia-cause-erectile-dysfunction


Sexually Transmitted Disease-Causing PID

Sexually Transmitted Disease-Causing PID “Pelvic Inflammatory Disease” Image

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a common issue for many women around the world. While many different causes can lead to the occurrence of this health issue, one of the most common cause is the presence of a sexually transmitted disease, specifically the presence of gonorrhea and chlamydia. In today’s article, we will share information on the topic of pelvic inflammatory disease caused by STDs and why it is important to get tested and treated in time.

What is a pelvic inflammatory disease?

Pelvic inflammatory disease is the term that refers to a condition that characterizes itself with infection of the female reproductive system. In 2013, around 88,000 women ages 15-44 had been diagnosed with PID in the United States alone. Each year, an estimated one million women struggle with this condition. It has also been suggested that 10-15% of all women experience PID at least once in their lifetime.

The common symptoms of the pelvic inflammatory disease include:

  • Pain in the lower abdomen, which is the most common symptoms caused by PID;
  • Mild to more severe pelvic pain;
  • Painful sexual intercourse;
  • Painful and frequent urination;
  • Fever;
  • Vomiting;
  • Fainting;
  • Increased vaginal discharge with a strong smell;
  • Irregular menstrual bleeding;
  • Fatigue, etc.

If left untreated, PID can lead to some serious complications. A tubo-ovarian abscess often develops as well as chronic pelvic pain. If PID develops in pregnant women, it can lead to an ectopic pregnancy, compromising the life of the fetus. There is also a high risk of infertility as well. All of these dangerous complications point out the importance of proper treatment and prevention. 

Sexually transmitted diseases as causes for PID in women

Some of the risk factors for developing the pelvic inflammatory disease are:

  • Having sexual intercourse before the age of 25;
  • Having multiple sexual partners;
  • Having unprotected sexual intercourse;
  • Having a history of PID;
  • Having recently inserted an intrauterine device (IUD);
  • Douching, etc.

However, the greatest risk factors for developing PID is the presence of gonorrhea and chlamydia or having had a medical history that includes these or any other sexually transmitted diseases. It is very common for the infection, that is later causing the characteristic symptoms of PID, to develop after certain bacteria, such as Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis which are causing these two common STDs with that being gonorrhea and chlamydia, move upward from the vagina or cervix into the reproductive organs. PID is one of the most common health complications that happen due to an untreated STD.

PID can easily spread through unprotected sexual contact, affecting more and more people. This is why it is very important to get tested in time and recommend your partner to do the same. Getting tested in time is especially important for male partners that you have engaged in unprotected sexual contact since men can be silent carriers of the bacteria that then causes the symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease. 

Is it possible to treat PID?

PID is highly treatable if diagnosed early. But one thing that you should know is that although proper treatment can and will eliminate the symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease, it is not possible to undo the damage that has been done, meaning that any complication or complications that have happened cannot be reversed. This is why it is very important to get treated as soon as you notice any signs and symptoms of either STD or PID to help preserve your reproductive, but also general health. 

Since it is a bacterial infection that is causing pelvic inflammatory disease, you will be prescribed antibiotics to treat the existing infection. If there is an abscess forming as a complication of the existing PID, surgery may be required to be done as well. 

How to prevent PID and STDs in general?

Everyone can act to lower their risk of contracting STDs and PID. There are a few simple steps that need to be followed to do that:

  • Always practice safe, protected sex;
  • Get tested in time if you notice any signs and symptoms of either an STD or a PID;
  • Avoid douches;
  • Inform your partner/partners to get tested if you have tested positive for the presence of either an STD or a PID;
  • Get informed about the perks of practicing safe sex;
  • Limit the number of your sexual partners.

References

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK499959/

https://www.womenshealth.gov/a-z-topics/pelvic-inflammatory-disease

https://healthengine.com.au/info/pelvic-inflammatory-disease-pid#:~:text=10%E2%80%9315%25%20of%20women%20experience,tubes%20resulting%20from%20untreated%20PID.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4998032/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3249632/

STDs Symptoms in Men

STDs Symptoms in Men Image

Various symptoms are expected to develop due to STDs, and it is important for every man to keep these symptoms in mind. That is why in the following article we will briefly discuss the most common STDs and their symptoms in men. 

The most common STDs and their symptoms in men

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a bacterial infection of the genital tract that can be transmitted through vaginal, anal, and oral unprotected sex. Chlamydia usually goes unnoticed there are very few to no symptoms showing. In fact, it has been estimated that around 25-50% of the male patients with Chlamydia experience no symptoms whatsoever. And the ones that do, usually struggle with:

  • Swollen testicles
  • Painful urination
  • Penile discharge

The good news is that Chlamydia is easily treated with the use of antibiotics. However, repetitive infections are possible and quite common, which is why past patients are advised towards protected sex and regular testing for Chlamydia. 

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

HPV is one of the most common STDs known to men and women all around the world. The most obvious reason to get infected with this difficult virus is of course, through unprotected sexual contact. Men who get infected with HPV usually do not develop any symptoms right away. Some of them might develop some symptoms months or years after the initial infection. The most characteristic symptom of HPV is genital warts which develop when oral or anal sex is listed as the main reason. Otherwise, oral warts are expected to develop.

When it comes to HPV, it is better to prevent it than to treat it. That is why there is a vaccine that anybody can get as a way to protect themselves against HPV. Of course, protected sex is another valid prevention method not only for HPV but for all STDs in general. HPV, if it does not show any symptoms, can resolve on its own without any treatment. However, if there are symptoms present, then you definitely need to visit your doctor.

Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is another bacterial infection that can be transmitted through vaginal, anal, and oral sex, thus affecting the urethra, anus, and throat. Gonorrhea in men rarely causes any symptoms to develop. However, when they do, the following symptoms are expected to develop:

  • Painful urination
  • White, yellow, or green penile discharge that usually occurs one to fourteen days after the individual has been infected with the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  • Pain that is felt in the testicles
  • Itching and soreness in the area of the anus
  • Bloody discharge from the anus
  • Skin rash
  • Painful, swollen glands in the throat

Gonorrhea is also treated with the use of antibiotics. Once again, past patients are advised towards safe, protected sex and regular testing. They also need to be explained the increasing rise of antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea, which will make treatment more difficult in the future.

Genital herpes

Herpes is an infection due to the hepatitis simplex virus (HSV). There are two types of hepatitis, of which type 2 is always transmitted through unprotected sex and leads to the development of genital hepatitis. The symptoms of genital herpes in men include:

  • Painful blisters in the genital area
  • Burning and tingling sensations around the blisters
  • Loss of appetite 
  • Muscle aches
  • Fever
  • Swollen lymph nodes

When it comes to herpes, there are some general methods that can be used to treat the momentary outbreak; however, future outbreaks are expected to happen. Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent any future outbreaks. 

AIDS 

AIDS is a life-threatening disease that is caused by an infection with the human immunodeficiency virus. HIV can be transmitted through a variety of ways, including unprotected sexual contact with a person infected with HIV or who is a carrier of HIV, contaminated needles, from mother to child during pregnancy, etc. This virus attacks your immune system, causing mild to more severe infections to develop in your body. Other than that, upon getting infected, there are some general symptoms that can be experienced including a sore throat, headaches, skin rash, fatigue, and swollen lymph nodes. It can take up to 10 years for the infection and disease themselves to be diagnosed. Prevention is key when it comes to AIDS and HIV.

STD Home Testing Offers An Affordable Way To Reduce STDs

STD Home Testing Offers An Affordable Way To Reduce The Incidence Of STDs

STD testing was once only available from a doctor’s office. The patient was also able to visit a local clinic to have a test for common sexually transmitted infections. For many people, the process of obtaining an STD test through these procedures was considered inconvenient. Many feel that they want more privacy when they undergo a test for an STD, whether that is for HIV, Chlamydia, or any other type of sexually transmitted infection. 

Advancements in technology now allow people to obtain an appropriate STD test from the comfort of their own home. These STD kits are relatively easy to use and offer patients access to accurate results in a more secure environment. 

How STD Home Kits Work

HIV is a concern among the entire Eastern and Southern African regions. In addition to HIV, the healthcare system is also concerned about Gonorrhea, Chlamydia, Syphilis, and several other diseases that are transmitted through sexual activity. 

STD home test kits offer an effective way for people to determine their status. These kits help to reduce the need to go out to a clinic to get tested for STDs, something that many people find lacks the privacy they desire. 

An STD kit is ordered from an appropriate manufacturer. The product is then delivered in a discreet package to the customer’s location. Full instructions are provided in the package, ensuring the customer knows exactly what to do. 

A sample will usually be added to a bottle and then sent toward a return address. The return address ensures the sample is delivered to a laboratory, where a test will be conducted on the patient’s sample provided. This allows for a diagnosis to be made. 

When a test comes back positive, it is crucial for the patient to seek appropriate treatment from a healthcare professional. 

How STD Home Test Kits Offers An Affordable Way To Reduce The Current Prevalence

Healthcare systems in Africa are constantly looking for ways to reduce the incidence rate of STDs in the country. The availability of finances often poses a challenge, however. 

The implementation of STD home test kits may be a perfect way to reduce the incidence rates without too many expenses. These test kits are generally affordable and reduce the need for a visit to a doctor’s office. This already saves the healthcare system money in the process. 

The prevalence of STDs may also be reduced with these kits. When an infected person is tested positive, they are able to recognize the dangers of not having safe sex. A positive result would rather encourage the individual to use condoms to avoid spreading the infection to their own partners. 

Sexually transmitted diseases often go undiagnosed in earlier stages. This leads to a higher risk of further transmission. STD home test kits give people a method that is more private. These tests produce accurate results and are readily available today. The use of STD home test kits also offers an affordable method for reducing the current prevalence of sexually transmitted infections in Africa. 

References

https://www.avert.org/professionals/hiv-around-world/sub-saharan-africa/overview