Chlamydia in Ghana

Like in many of the sub-Saharan countries, Ghana struggles with the scourge of sexually transmitted diseases. Chlamydia is most common in the recent emerging studies. It is due to a combination of factors and ignorance. Though the disease can be fatal, the population is still adamant about coming forth for testing. With retrogressive traditional beliefs, most men are suffering in silence.

Demographic Prevalence of Chlamydia

The hindrance of having precise statistics is the laying back of men to come for testing. However, with the scanty tests that are available, it proves that men are more prevalent in getting chlamydia than women. Despite the statistics, there is a low drive in civic education in combating the spread of venereal disease. Most young men are engaging in multiple sexual activities without any meaningful protection.

In the geographical distribution, fewer women in big cities like Accra and Kumasi show fewer numbers in findings than in the countryside. However, it does not indicate that the cities are clean of the disease. Nonetheless, it could mean that most women in big urban centers are more aware of their role in using protection during sexual encounters.

Repercussions of Untreated Chlamydia in Women

The statistics of the infections in women are rising. This is because women undergo several screening tests during their pregnancy periods. Still, most of them discover they have the disease when the damage to the pregnancy is done. The typical outcomes of untreated infections in pregnant women are many.

They range from tubal infections, stillbirth, congenital deformations, and pre-term labor. Other manifestations include giving birth to low weight babies, and babies with traces of the disease. The most significant setback is the delivery of most women in the countryside through traditional midwives. Likewise, there is a culture of overdependence on conventional herbs.

Mitigation Measures on Chlamydia in Ghana

The fight against chlamydia and other related diseases is poorly gaining ground due to several factors. Most of the men do not come forward for testing and subsequent treatment. For those who do, they do not come back after three months for confirmation of cure.

There is a culture of multiple sexual partners in most young people. This aids in the spread of the disease, mostly in institutions of higher learning. It is an epidemic that is coupled with diverse catalysts. Similarly, there are many instances where victims of the disease opt for over the counter medication rather than proper consultation. When the symptoms cease, one leaves the drug.

With a combination of all the above and other traditional beliefs of witchcraft, the fight against chlamydia will be slow in Ghana. Most people who keep suffering are women and unborn children. Indeed, the relevant authorities need to gain momentum.

References

https://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12879-019-4035-y

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2956315/

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2016/9315757/

http://ugspace.ug.edu.gh/bitstream/handle/123456789/23459/Multiple%20Sexual%20Partnerships%20and%20Sexually%20Transmitted%20Infections.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

Syphilis in Ghana

Like many of the other sexually transmitted diseases, Syphilis seems to be following the same trend in Ghana. The women are more proactive in seeking medication for this disease than men. Syphilis is a crippling disease for many people. If you do not seek immediate medical attention, your genitalia and reproductive system may suffer irreparable damage.

Most of the statistics in Ghana are dependent on the few who come forward. The biggest fight should be against stigmatization and ignorance. Many people reach out for self-medication when they notice specific changes in the genitals. This creates a long term resistance to the disease.

Syphilis Statistics in Ghana

It is a tricky affair to have a real picture of Syphilis infections in the country. Most of the people who come forward are pregnant women. In some campaign drives, the pattern still comes out in the predicted forecast. The men are more susceptible to the disease than women. Despite the glaring facts, there is a shortfall of zeal in managing ignorance in most people. Thus, the government must address the position of men in leading the testing and treatment campaigns.

In the women population, the prevalence is high in rural married women. That poses a great danger in society. If the infections are within married couples, it shows the high rates of extramarital affairs. In comparison to the urban women, the prevailing rates are lower than their rural counterparts. The question comes, what are the urban women doing, right? Ignorance might be the difference. In the urban setup, women understand better the options of safe sex. Again, they have better resources and living standards of bargaining for safer sex.

Poverty is a significant indicator of the spread of the disease. From the numbers of positive testing coming from the rural and urban poor, it must be clear that prostitution may be a contributing factor. But more civic research needs to be there for any confirmation of the same.

Mitigating the Spread of Syphilis

Since the statistics coming in are less than adequate, it will take hard work for the relevant agencies to plan for any meaningful campaign. With more stakeholders joining in, the general feeling is, the numbers derived from pregnant women may not be sufficient. So there is a need for more sensitization and testing.

Even without the requisite statistics in place, the government should engage the people for a mitigating policy. The apparent indicators point to women and poverty. Rural women should be empowered to bargain for safe sex. The poor should be given a chance to have dignity and a decent living. If that can be the start, there can be a decisive long term policy for a more significant recovery.

References

https://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12879-019-3967-6

https://sti.bmj.com/content/87/Suppl_1/A119.1

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/276484782_Seroprevalence_of_Syphilis_Infection_in_Individuals_at_Cape_Coast_Metropolis_Ghana

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5998162/

Genital Herpes in Ghana

The grim statistics of the spread of genital herpes is disturbing. More and more young men and women are finding themselves in dangerous exposures of the disease. It is good that some organizations are taking the lead in creating awareness for better sexual interactions. As in most societies, the youth and women from underserved communities are the most vulnerable. In addition to that, there is a need to improve the educational awareness of the communities.

In doing so, you create an avenue that most people will participate in and formulate their coping strategies. Due to the gap that exists between the leaders and the people in society, meaningful interaction does not exist. Equally, the prevalence of genital herpes continues to ravage the young and old.

Prevalence Statistics of Genital Herpes among Ghanaians

Again like in other studies, it is the women who discover their status on genital herpes. This happens when they undergo cervical screening. Since most of them come from poor backgrounds, they find out about herpes when they are over the latent stage. Poverty and ignorance are the two main reasons for the late diagnosis.

In combating the spread of HIV, the Ghanaian authorities need to put genital herpes into consideration. In the populations where HIV is high, most of the people are testing positive with herpes. This means there is a high rate of sexual activities across the spectrum. More stakeholders are now reaching out to the government to help in formulating a lasting solution to these endemic numbers.

Rural women are the pillars of the Ghanaian cultural setup. Unfortunately, they are the ones who are susceptible to the genital herpes menace. Poverty, coercion, and lack of proper screening all contribute to the spread of the virus. The first thing to do is helping these poor girls and mothers gain meaningful employment. That will stop the coercion and sexual exploitation for money.

Since genital herpes and HIV go hand in hand in this setup, there should be a multifaceted effort to manage both at once. In research showing the awareness and knowledge of young people on sexuality, the findings condemn both community and government agencies. Shockingly, girls below the age of 16 are engaging in sexual activities with more than one partner. Social workers need to step in and raise proper awareness of sexually transmitted diseases.

Mitigation

Reports after the other are urging the government to formulate and implement the measures today. The infections are in their endemic stages. Being cautious will not realize any meaningful results as of now.

The lack of appetite for policy formulation and poor accountability on the part of government agencies is contributing to the spread of the herpes virus. The civic society is doing the best it can, but the ultimate solution lies with the people. 

References

https://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12879-018-3288-1

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3121136/

http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo?journalid=280&doi=10.11648/j.ijidt.20180303.11

https://www.guttmacher.org/sites/default/files/report_pdf/rib1-04.pdf